Global Chlorfenapyr Market Professional Survey Report 2019

Global Chlorfenapyr Market Professional Survey Report 2019

Nov 2019 QYResearch Agriculture117 Pages Price :
$ 3500

The global Chlorfenapyr market was valued at million US$ in 2018 and will reach million US$ by the end of 2025, growing at a CAGR of during 2019-2025.
This report focuses on Chlorfenapyr volume and value at global level, regional level and company level. From a global perspective, this report represents overall Chlorfenapyr market size by analyzing historical data and future prospect.
Regionally, this report categorizes the production, apparent consumption, export and import of Chlorfenapyr in North America, Europe, China, Japan, Southeast Asia and India.
For each manufacturer covered, this report analyzes their Chlorfenapyr manufacturing sites, capacity, production, ex-factory price, revenue and market share in global market.

The following manufacturers are covered:
BASF
Dow AgroScience
Triveni Interchem
Kenvos
Nanjing Gaozheng Agrochemical
Kaifeng Bokai Biochemistry
Yonglong Chemical
Hunan Dejia Biochemical Tech
Yinguang Chemical
Chemtac
Zhejiang Rayfull Chemicals

Segment by Regions
North America
Europe
China
Japan
Southeast Asia
India

Segment by Type
0.95
0.98

Segment by Application
Farmland
Greenhouses
Table of Contents

Executive Summary
1 Industry Overview of Chlorfenapyr
1.1 Definition of Chlorfenapyr
1.2 Chlorfenapyr Segment by Type
1.2.1 Global Chlorfenapyr Production Growth Rate Comparison by Types (2014-2025)
1.2.2 0.95
1.2.3 0.98
1.3 Chlorfenapyr Segment by Applications
1.3.1 Global Chlorfenapyr Consumption Comparison by Applications (2014-2025)
1.3.2 Farmland
1.3.3 Greenhouses
1.4 Global Chlorfenapyr Overall Market
1.4.1 Global Chlorfenapyr Revenue (2014-2025)
1.4.2 Global Chlorfenapyr Production (2014-2025)
1.4.3 North America Chlorfenapyr Status and Prospect (2014-2025)
1.4.4 Europe Chlorfenapyr Status and Prospect (2014-2025)
1.4.5 China Chlorfenapyr Status and Prospect (2014-2025)
1.4.6 Japan Chlorfenapyr Status and Prospect (2014-2025)
1.4.7 Southeast Asia Chlorfenapyr Status and Prospect (2014-2025)
1.4.8 India Chlorfenapyr Status and Prospect (2014-2025)

2 Manufacturing Cost Structure Analysis
2.1 Raw Material and Suppliers
2.2 Manufacturing Cost Structure Analysis of Chlorfenapyr
2.3 Manufacturing Process Analysis of Chlorfenapyr
2.4 Industry Chain Structure of Chlorfenapyr

3 Development and Manufacturing Plants Analysis of Chlorfenapyr
3.1 Capacity and Commercial Production Date
3.2 Global Chlorfenapyr Manufacturing Plants Distribution
3.3 Major Manufacturers Technology Source and Market Position of Chlorfenapyr
3.4 Recent Development and Expansion Plans

4 Key Figures of Major Manufacturers
4.1 Chlorfenapyr Production and Capacity Analysis
4.2 Chlorfenapyr Revenue Analysis
4.3 Chlorfenapyr Price Analysis
4.4 Market Concentration Degree

5 Chlorfenapyr Regional Market Analysis
5.1 Chlorfenapyr Production by Regions
5.1.1 Global Chlorfenapyr Production by Regions
5.1.2 Global Chlorfenapyr Revenue by Regions
5.2 Chlorfenapyr Consumption by Regions
5.3 North America Chlorfenapyr Market Analysis
5.3.1 North America Chlorfenapyr Production
5.3.2 North America Chlorfenapyr Revenue
5.3.3 Key Manufacturers in North America
5.3.4 North America Chlorfenapyr Import and Export
5.4 Europe Chlorfenapyr Market Analysis
5.4.1 Europe Chlorfenapyr Production
5.4.2 Europe Chlorfenapyr Revenue
5.4.3 Key Manufacturers in Europe
5.4.4 Europe Chlorfenapyr Import and Export
5.5 China Chlorfenapyr Market Analysis
5.5.1 China Chlorfenapyr Production
5.5.2 China Chlorfenapyr Revenue
5.5.3 Key Manufacturers in China
5.5.4 China Chlorfenapyr Import and Export
5.6 Japan Chlorfenapyr Market Analysis
5.6.1 Japan Chlorfenapyr Production
5.6.2 Japan Chlorfenapyr Revenue
5.6.3 Key Manufacturers in Japan
5.6.4 Japan Chlorfenapyr Import and Export
5.7 Southeast Asia Chlorfenapyr Market Analysis
5.7.1 Southeast Asia Chlorfenapyr Production
5.7.2 Southeast Asia Chlorfenapyr Revenue
5.7.3 Key Manufacturers in Southeast Asia
5.7.4 Southeast Asia Chlorfenapyr Import and Export
5.8 India Chlorfenapyr Market Analysis
5.8.1 India Chlorfenapyr Production
5.8.2 India Chlorfenapyr Revenue
5.8.3 Key Manufacturers in India
5.8.4 India Chlorfenapyr Import and Export

6 Chlorfenapyr Segment Market Analysis (by Type)
6.1 Global Chlorfenapyr Production by Type
6.2 Global Chlorfenapyr Revenue by Type
6.3 Chlorfenapyr Price by Type

7 Chlorfenapyr Segment Market Analysis (by Application)
7.1 Global Chlorfenapyr Consumption by Application
7.2 Global Chlorfenapyr Consumption Market Share by Application (2014-2019)

8 Chlorfenapyr Major Manufacturers Analysis
8.1 BASF
8.1.1 BASF Chlorfenapyr Production Sites and Area Served
8.1.2 BASF Product Introduction, Application and Specification
8.1.3 BASF Chlorfenapyr Production, Revenue, Ex-factory Price and Gross Margin (2014-2019)
8.1.4 Main Business and Markets Served
8.2 Dow AgroScience
8.2.1 Dow AgroScience Chlorfenapyr Production Sites and Area Served
8.2.2 Dow AgroScience Product Introduction, Application and Specification
8.2.3 Dow AgroScience Chlorfenapyr Production, Revenue, Ex-factory Price and Gross Margin (2014-2019)
8.2.4 Main Business and Markets Served
8.3 Triveni Interchem
8.3.1 Triveni Interchem Chlorfenapyr Production Sites and Area Served
8.3.2 Triveni Interchem Product Introduction, Application and Specification
8.3.3 Triveni Interchem Chlorfenapyr Production, Revenue, Ex-factory Price and Gross Margin (2014-2019)
8.3.4 Main Business and Markets Served
8.4 Kenvos
8.4.1 Kenvos Chlorfenapyr Production Sites and Area Served
8.4.2 Kenvos Product Introduction, Application and Specification
8.4.3 Kenvos Chlorfenapyr Production, Revenue, Ex-factory Price and Gross Margin (2014-2019)
8.4.4 Main Business and Markets Served
8.5 Nanjing Gaozheng Agrochemical
8.5.1 Nanjing Gaozheng Agrochemical Chlorfenapyr Production Sites and Area Served
8.5.2 Nanjing Gaozheng Agrochemical Product Introduction, Application and Specification
8.5.3 Nanjing Gaozheng Agrochemical Chlorfenapyr Production, Revenue, Ex-factory Price and Gross Margin (2014-2019)
8.5.4 Main Business and Markets Served
8.6 Kaifeng Bokai Biochemistry
8.6.1 Kaifeng Bokai Biochemistry Chlorfenapyr Production Sites and Area Served
8.6.2 Kaifeng Bokai Biochemistry Product Introduction, Application and Specification
8.6.3 Kaifeng Bokai Biochemistry Chlorfenapyr Production, Revenue, Ex-factory Price and Gross Margin (2014-2019)
8.6.4 Main Business and Markets Served
8.7 Yonglong Chemical
8.7.1 Yonglong Chemical Chlorfenapyr Production Sites and Area Served
8.7.2 Yonglong Chemical Product Introduction, Application and Specification
8.7.3 Yonglong Chemical Chlorfenapyr Production, Revenue, Ex-factory Price and Gross Margin (2014-2019)
8.7.4 Main Business and Markets Served
8.8 Hunan Dejia Biochemical Tech
8.8.1 Hunan Dejia Biochemical Tech Chlorfenapyr Production Sites and Area Served
8.8.2 Hunan Dejia Biochemical Tech Product Introduction, Application and Specification
8.8.3 Hunan Dejia Biochemical Tech Chlorfenapyr Production, Revenue, Ex-factory Price and Gross Margin (2014-2019)
8.8.4 Main Business and Markets Served
8.9 Yinguang Chemical
8.9.1 Yinguang Chemical Chlorfenapyr Production Sites and Area Served
8.9.2 Yinguang Chemical Product Introduction, Application and Specification
8.9.3 Yinguang Chemical Chlorfenapyr Production, Revenue, Ex-factory Price and Gross Margin (2014-2019)
8.9.4 Main Business and Markets Served
8.10 Chemtac
8.10.1 Chemtac Chlorfenapyr Production Sites and Area Served
8.10.2 Chemtac Product Introduction, Application and Specification
8.10.3 Chemtac Chlorfenapyr Production, Revenue, Ex-factory Price and Gross Margin (2014-2019)
8.10.4 Main Business and Markets Served
8.11 Zhejiang Rayfull Chemicals

9 Development Trend of Analysis of Chlorfenapyr Market
9.1 Global Chlorfenapyr Market Trend Analysis
9.1.1 Global Chlorfenapyr Market Size (Volume and Value) Forecast 2019-2025
9.2 Chlorfenapyr Regional Market Trend
9.2.1 North America Chlorfenapyr Forecast 2019-2025
9.2.2 Europe Chlorfenapyr Forecast 2019-2025
9.2.3 China Chlorfenapyr Forecast 2019-2025
9.2.4 Japan Chlorfenapyr Forecast 2019-2025
9.2.5 Southeast Asia Chlorfenapyr Forecast 2019-2025
9.2.6 India Chlorfenapyr Forecast 2019-2025
9.3 Chlorfenapyr Market Trend (Product Type)
9.4 Chlorfenapyr Market Trend (Application)

10.1 Marketing Channel
10.1.1 Direct Marketing
10.1.2 Indirect Marketing
10.3 Chlorfenapyr Customers

11 Market Dynamics
11.1 Market Trends
11.2 Opportunities
11.3 Market Drivers
11.4 Challenges
11.5 Influence Factors

12 Conclusion
13 Appendix
13.1 Methodology/Research Approach
13.1.1 Research Programs/Design
13.1.2 Market Size Estimation
13.1.3 Market Breakdown and Data Triangulation
13.2 Data Source
13.2.1 Secondary Sources
13.2.2 Primary Sources
13.3 Author List
13.4 Disclaimer

List of Table

List of Tables and Figures
Figure Picture of Chlorfenapyr
Table Global Chlorfenapyr Production (K MT) Growth Rate Comparison by Types (2014-2025)
Figure Global Chlorfenapyr Production Market Share by Types in 2018
Figure 0.95 Product Picture
Figure 0.98 Product Picture
Table Global Chlorfenapyr Consumption (K MT) Comparison by Applications (2014-2025)
Figure Global Chlorfenapyr Consumption Market Share by Applications in 2018
Figure Farmland
Figure Greenhouses
Figure Global Chlorfenapyr Revenue (Million USD) (2014-2025)
Figure Global Chlorfenapyr Production (K MT) (2014-2025)
Figure North America Chlorfenapyr Market Size (Million USD) (2014-2025)
Figure Europe Chlorfenapyr Market Size (Million USD) (2014-2025)
Figure China Chlorfenapyr Market Size (Million USD) (2014-2025)
Figure Japan Chlorfenapyr Market Size (Million USD) (2014-2025)
Figure Southeast Asia Chlorfenapyr Market Size (Million USD) (2014-2025)
Figure India Chlorfenapyr Market Size (Million USD) (2014-2025)
Table Chlorfenapyr Raw Material and Suppliers
Table Manufacturing Cost Structure Analysis of Chlorfenapyr in 2018
Figure Manufacturing Process Analysis of Chlorfenapyr
Figure Industry Chain Structure of Chlorfenapyr
Table Capacity and Commercial Production Date of Key Manufacturers
Table Global Chlorfenapyr Manufacturing Plants Distribution
Table Chlorfenapyr Major Manufacturers Technology Source and Market Position
Table Recent Development and Expansion Plans in Future
Table Chlorfenapyr Capacity (K MT) of Major Manufacturers (2014-2019)
Table Chlorfenapyr Production (K MT) of Major Manufacturers (2014-2019)
Table Chlorfenapyr Production Market Share of Major Manufacturers (2014-2019)
Figure Chlorfenapyr Production Share by Manufacturers in 2018
Table Chlorfenapyr Revenue (Million US$) of Major Manufacturers (2014-2019)
Table Chlorfenapyr Revenue Market Share of Major Manufacturers (2014-2019)
Figure Chlorfenapyr Revenue Share by Manufacturers in 2018
Table Chlorfenapyr Average Price (USD/MT) of Major Manufacturers (2014-2019)
Table Global Manufacturers Market Concentration Ratio (CR5 and HHI)
Table Global Chlorfenapyr Production by Regions 2014-2019 (K MT)
Table Global Chlorfenapyr Production Market Share by Regions 2014-2019
Figure Global Chlorfenapyr Production Market Share by Regions in 2018
Table Global Chlorfenapyr Revenue by Regions 2014-2019 (Million USD)
Table Global Chlorfenapyr Revenue Market Share by Regions 2014-2019
Figure Global Chlorfenapyr Revenue Market Share by Regions in 2018
Table Global Chlorfenapyr Consumption by Regions 2014-2019 (K MT)
Table Global Chlorfenapyr Consumption Market Share by Regions 2014-2019
Figure North America Chlorfenapyr Production Growth Rate 2014-2019 (K MT)
Figure North America Chlorfenapyr Revenue Growth Rate 2014-2019 (Million USD)
Table North America Chlorfenapyr Production, Consumption Import and Export (K MT)
Figure Europe Chlorfenapyr Production Growth Rate 2014-2019 (K MT)
Figure Europe Chlorfenapyr Revenue Growth Rate 2014-2019 (Million USD)
Table Europe Chlorfenapyr Production, Consumption Import and Export (K MT)
Figure China Chlorfenapyr Production Growth Rate 2014-2019 (K MT)
Figure China Chlorfenapyr Revenue Growth Rate 2014-2019 (Million USD)
Table China Chlorfenapyr Production, Consumption Import and Export (K MT)
Figure Japan Chlorfenapyr Production Growth Rate 2014-2019 (K MT)
Figure Japan Chlorfenapyr Revenue Growth Rate 2014-2019 (Million USD)
Table Japan Chlorfenapyr Production, Consumption Import and Export (K MT)
Figure Southeast Asia Chlorfenapyr Production Growth Rate 2014-2019 (K MT)
Figure Southeast Asia Chlorfenapyr Revenue Growth Rate 2014-2019 (Million USD)
Table Southeast Asia Chlorfenapyr Production, Consumption Import and Export (K MT)
Figure India Chlorfenapyr Production Growth Rate 2014-2019 (K MT)
Figure India Chlorfenapyr Revenue Growth Rate 2014-2019 (Million USD)
Table India Chlorfenapyr Production, Consumption Import and Export (K MT)
Figure Global Consumption Chlorfenapyr Market Share by Application (2014-2019)
Figure Global Value (Consumption) Chlorfenapyr Market Share by Application (2014-2019)
Table BASF Chlorfenapyr Production Sites and Area Served
Table BASF Chlorfenapyr Product Introduction, Application and Specification
Table BASF Chlorfenapyr Production (K MT), Revenue (Million USD), Ex-factory Price (USD/MT) and Gross Margin (2014-2019)
Table BASF Chlorfenapyr Production Growth Rate (2014-2019)
Table BASF Chlorfenapyr Production Market Share (2014-2019)
Figure BASF Chlorfenapyr Revenue Market Share (2014-2019)
Table BASF Chlorfenapyr Main Business and Markets Served
Table Dow AgroScience Chlorfenapyr Production Sites and Area Served
Table Dow AgroScience Chlorfenapyr Product Introduction, Application and Specification
Table Dow AgroScience Chlorfenapyr Production (K MT), Revenue (Million USD), Ex-factory Price (USD/MT) and Gross Margin (2014-2019)
Table Dow AgroScience Chlorfenapyr Production Growth Rate (2014-2019)
Table Dow AgroScience Chlorfenapyr Production Market Share (2014-2019)
Figure Dow AgroScience Chlorfenapyr Revenue Market Share (2014-2019)
Table Dow AgroScience Chlorfenapyr Main Business and Markets Served
Table Triveni Interchem Chlorfenapyr Production Sites and Area Served
Table Triveni Interchem Chlorfenapyr Product Introduction, Application and Specification
Table Triveni Interchem Chlorfenapyr Production (K MT), Revenue (Million USD), Ex-factory Price (USD/MT) and Gross Margin (2014-2019)
Table Triveni Interchem Chlorfenapyr Production Growth Rate (2014-2019)
Table Triveni Interchem Chlorfenapyr Production Market Share (2014-2019)
Figure Triveni Interchem Chlorfenapyr Revenue Market Share (2014-2019)
Table Triveni Interchem Chlorfenapyr Main Business and Markets Served
Table Kenvos Chlorfenapyr Production Sites and Area Served
Table Kenvos Chlorfenapyr Product Introduction, Application and Specification
Table Kenvos Chlorfenapyr Production (K MT), Revenue (Million USD), Ex-factory Price (USD/MT) and Gross Margin (2014-2019)
Table Kenvos Chlorfenapyr Production Growth Rate (2014-2019)
Table Kenvos Chlorfenapyr Production Market Share (2014-2019)
Figure Kenvos Chlorfenapyr Revenue Market Share (2014-2019)
Table Kenvos Chlorfenapyr Main Business and Markets Served
Table Nanjing Gaozheng Agrochemical Chlorfenapyr Production Sites and Area Served
Table Nanjing Gaozheng Agrochemical Chlorfenapyr Product Introduction, Application and Specification
Table Nanjing Gaozheng Agrochemical Chlorfenapyr Production (K MT), Revenue (Million USD), Ex-factory Price (USD/MT) and Gross Margin (2014-2019)
Table Nanjing Gaozheng Agrochemical Chlorfenapyr Production Growth Rate (2014-2019)
Table Nanjing Gaozheng Agrochemical Chlorfenapyr Production Market Share (2014-2019)
Figure Nanjing Gaozheng Agrochemical Chlorfenapyr Revenue Market Share (2014-2019)
Table Nanjing Gaozheng Agrochemical Chlorfenapyr Main Business and Markets Served
Table Kaifeng Bokai Biochemistry Chlorfenapyr Production Sites and Area Served
Table Kaifeng Bokai Biochemistry Chlorfenapyr Product Introduction, Application and Specification
Table Kaifeng Bokai Biochemistry Chlorfenapyr Production (K MT), Revenue (Million USD), Ex-factory Price (USD/MT) and Gross Margin (2014-2019)
Table Kaifeng Bokai Biochemistry Chlorfenapyr Production Growth Rate (2014-2019)
Table Kaifeng Bokai Biochemistry Chlorfenapyr Production Market Share (2014-2019)
Figure Kaifeng Bokai Biochemistry Chlorfenapyr Revenue Market Share (2014-2019)
Table Kaifeng Bokai Biochemistry Chlorfenapyr Main Business and Markets Served
Table Yonglong Chemical Chlorfenapyr Production Sites and Area Served
Table Yonglong Chemical Chlorfenapyr Product Introduction, Application and Specification
Table Yonglong Chemical Chlorfenapyr Production (K MT), Revenue (Million USD), Ex-factory Price (USD/MT) and Gross Margin (2014-2019)
Table Yonglong Chemical Chlorfenapyr Production Growth Rate (2014-2019)
Table Yonglong Chemical Chlorfenapyr Production Market Share (2014-2019)
Figure Yonglong Chemical Chlorfenapyr Revenue Market Share (2014-2019)
Table Yonglong Chemical Chlorfenapyr Main Business and Markets Served
Table Hunan Dejia Biochemical Tech Chlorfenapyr Production Sites and Area Served
Table Hunan Dejia Biochemical Tech Chlorfenapyr Product Introduction, Application and Specification
Table Hunan Dejia Biochemical Tech Chlorfenapyr Production (K MT), Revenue (Million USD), Ex-factory Price (USD/MT) and Gross Margin (2014-2019)
Table Hunan Dejia Biochemical Tech Chlorfenapyr Production Growth Rate (2014-2019)
Table Hunan Dejia Biochemical Tech Chlorfenapyr Production Market Share (2014-2019)
Figure Hunan Dejia Biochemical Tech Chlorfenapyr Revenue Market Share (2014-2019)
Table Hunan Dejia Biochemical Tech Chlorfenapyr Main Business and Markets Served
Table Yinguang Chemical Chlorfenapyr Production Sites and Area Served
Table Yinguang Chemical Chlorfenapyr Product Introduction, Application and Specification
Table Yinguang Chemical Chlorfenapyr Production (K MT), Revenue (Million USD), Ex-factory Price (USD/MT) and Gross Margin (2014-2019)
Table Yinguang Chemical Chlorfenapyr Production Growth Rate (2014-2019)
Table Yinguang Chemical Chlorfenapyr Production Market Share (2014-2019)
Figure Yinguang Chemical Chlorfenapyr Revenue Market Share (2014-2019)
Table Yinguang Chemical Chlorfenapyr Main Business and Markets Served
Table Chemtac Chlorfenapyr Production Sites and Area Served
Table Chemtac Chlorfenapyr Product Introduction, Application and Specification
Table Chemtac Chlorfenapyr Production (K MT), Revenue (Million USD), Ex-factory Price (USD/MT) and Gross Margin (2014-2019)
Table Chemtac Chlorfenapyr Production Growth Rate (2014-2019)
Table Chemtac Chlorfenapyr Production Market Share (2014-2019)
Figure Chemtac Chlorfenapyr Revenue Market Share (2014-2019)
Table Chemtac Chlorfenapyr Main Business and Markets Served
Table Zhejiang Rayfull Chemicals Chlorfenapyr Production Sites and Area Served
Figure Global Chlorfenapyr Production (K MT) Growth Rate Forecast 2019-2025
Figure Global Chlorfenapyr Revenue (Million USD) Growth Rate Forecast 2019-2025
Figure Global Chlorfenapyr Sales Price (USD/MT) Forecast 2019-2025
Figure North America Chlorfenapyr Production Growth Rate Forecast 2019-2025 (K MT)
Figure North America Chlorfenapyr Revenue Growth Rate Forecast 2019-2025 (Million USD)
Figure Europe Chlorfenapyr Production Growth Rate Forecast 2019-2025 (K MT)
Figure Europe Chlorfenapyr Revenue Growth Rate Forecast 2019-2025 (Million USD)
Figure China Chlorfenapyr Production Growth Rate Forecast 2019-2025 (K MT)
Figure China Chlorfenapyr Revenue Growth Rate Forecast 2019-2025 (Million USD)
Figure Japan Chlorfenapyr Production Growth Rate Forecast 2019-2025 (K MT)
Figure Japan Chlorfenapyr Revenue Growth Rate Forecast 2019-2025 (Million USD)
Figure Southeast Asia Chlorfenapyr Production Growth Rate Forecast 2019-2025 (K MT)
Figure Southeast Asia Chlorfenapyr Revenue Growth Rate Forecast 2019-2025 (Million USD)
Figure India Chlorfenapyr Production Growth Rate Forecast 2019-2025 (K MT)
Figure India Chlorfenapyr Revenue Growth Rate Forecast 2019-2025 (Million USD)
Table Global Production (K MT) of Chlorfenapyr by Type (2019-2025)
Table Global Consumption (K MT) of Chlorfenapyr by Application (2019-2025)
Table Chlorfenapyr Distributors List
Table Chlorfenapyr Customers List
Table Market Key Trends
Table Key Opportunities
Table Market Key Drivers
Table Key Challenges
Table Key Influence Factors
Table Research Programs/Design for This Report
Figure Bottom-up and Top-down Approaches for This Report
Figure Data Triangulation
Table Key Data Information from Secondary Sources
Table Key Data Information from Primary Sources

Ask for discount before buying this report

Please fill the enquiry form below.

  • Full Name *
  • Your Email *
  • Job Title
  • Company *
  • Phone No. * (Pls. Affix Country Code)
  • Country :
  • Your Requirement
  • Security Code *
* denotes fields which must be completed

Buy This Report


Select License Type :

$ 3500
$ 5250

Do you wish to check sample of this report?

Have Query?


Research Assistance

For Enquiries, Call :

+1-800-998-4852US Toll Free

Email : sales@marketresearchhub.com

Back To Top