Global Smart Cities - Planning for a Sustainable Future - Analysis and Trends
High-speed broadband infrastructure plays an important role in Smart Cities
With the majority of citizens living in urban centres around the world, there has been a growing interest in ensuring these highly concentrated populations are living in the most sustainable and efficient environments possible.
Smart Cities offer the ability to manage our growing populations and the limited resources and environmental issues we face. In addition there is the potential to provide important social services and utilities both more efficiently and at a higher quality.
Smart city planning requires a holistic view and the co-ordination and support from many different sectors including government, private enterprise, energy industry, healthcare industry, transport and ICT sector – just to name a few.
Smart grids, together with fixed broadband infrastructure based on Fibre-to-the-Home (FttH), are one the key elements of smart cities. New technologies such as 4½ G (LTE-A) and 5G are also going to play a key role in the providing the underlying infrastructure required to advance smart cities.
It is timely to consider how important it is to get the underlying infrastructure right in order to provide the foundation for the development of smart cities – and this is where the telecommunications industry comes into play.
There are the enormous developments occurring for the Internet of Things (IoT) movement with spending in this area alone expected to grow substantially over the next 4-5 years. Already billions of devices around the world are connected and emerging Artificial Intelligence developments will benefit from a highly connected environment.
Look towards 2019, we can see there are a number of countries showing leadership in smart city development and many of these also have extensive high-speed fixed and mobile broadband networks in place. Investments in telecommunications infrastructure along with machine-to-machine and IoT initiatives are paramount for these cities and countries to quickly progress towards our smart nations of the future.
BuddeComm has been monitoring smart city developments for many years and this report provides valuable insights into the ongoing transition towards our smart communities of the future. The report provides information on the key components of smart cities and identifies the countries which are showing leadership in this regard.
The report includes analysis and statistics on the fixed and mobile broadband infrastructure sectors as this is a core component required for smart cities to evolve. In addition, the report provides valuable insights and statistics on developments relating to the Internet of Things (IoT) and Machine-to-Machine (M2M) communications as these interconnection abilities are also crucial to smart city development.
- Growing energy consumption will create increased in competition and managing resources and energy efficiency will become very important.
- Global spending on IoT will reach over US$1 trillion in the next few years.
- China is earmarked as a global leader in many aspects of developments relating to smart cities.
- Shipments of mobile IoT devices are increasing at a rapid rate.
- Asia represents the largest region in terms of IoT spending.
- In terms of broadband access technologies – FttX now accounts for the largest market share worldwide.
- LTE technology is expected to carry most of the mobile traffic for at least the next decade - alongside a slow transition to 5G.
This report provides valuable insights into the Smart and Connected cities which are slowly emerging around the world. Smart cities require many components working in unison and the ICT sector is at the forefront of the innovative developments emerging to support our future cities and Smart communities. This BuddeComm report examines the core components of Smart cities, supported by statistics and examples. Subjects include:
- Analysis of the Smart City transformation;
- Key components of smart cities including Smart Transport;
- Global IoT and M2M market;
- Global fixed broadband infrastructure;
- Global mobile broadband infrastructure.
Table of Contents
1. Smart cities – towards 2019
1.1 Smart city analysis and trends
1.1.1 Smart cities for sustainability
1.1.2 Increasing global pressures: population growth
1.1.3 Key components of smart cities
1.1.4 The drivers behind smart cities
1.1.5 Smart grids should be developed in conjunction
1.1.6 High-speed broadband: the foundation of smart cities
1.1.7 Examples of leading smart cities
1.1.8 Case study: Adelaide, Australia
1.1.9 Smart Transport
1.1.10 Smart home automation
1.1.11 Standardising global smart city deployment
2. IoT and M2M – Core elements of smart cities
2.1 Global IoT and M2M market
2.1.1 The global IoT market
2.1.2 IoT spending
2.1.3 M2M and connected devices
2.1.4 M2M opportunities for telcos
2.1.5 Radio-frequency identification (RFID)
3. Smart cities – High-speed fixed broadband infrastructure is required
3.1 Global Fixed Broadband Market
3.1.1 Global fixed broadband market summary and statistics
3.1.2 Case study - South Korea is a global broadband leader
3.1.3 Robust infrastructure will help with cyber-security
4. Smart cities – Sophisticated mobile technologies are required
4.1 Global 4G LTE Market
4.1.1 Market analysis
4.1.2 Global VoLTE overview
4.1.3 LTE and spectrum use
4.1.4 Other LTE trends
4.1.5 Global WiFi market
4.2 Global 5G Market
4.2.1 5G is an evolutionary process
4.2.2 5G in the global context
4.2.3 The spectrum issue
4.2.4 Regional overview of progress towards 5G
4.2.5 5G – brief country case studies
4.2.6 Key considerations for governments and operators
4.2.7 Key industry consortiums
4.2.8 5G technologies and services
4.2.9 The role of fibre in the development of 5G
List of Table
Table 1 – Smart cities – global market value – 2017-2019; 2025
Table 2 – Top 10 countries by average fixed broadband connection speeds – Q1 2017
Table 3 – Global – IoT spending – 2017 - 2022
Table 4 – Global M2M module shipments – 2015; 2017; 2020; 2023
Table 5 – Global RFID market value – 2018 - 2023
Table 6 – Global - Internet users and annual change – 2010 - 2018
Table 7 – Global - fixed broadband subscribers – 2005 - 2018
Table 8 – Regional – fixed broadband subscriptions – 2017
Table 9 – Top 10 countries by fixed broadband subscribers and global market share – 2017
Table 10 – Global - broadband market share by access technology – 2013; 2016
Table 11 – Global – average broadband speed by mb/s – 2012 – 2018
Table 12 – Top 10 countries by average broadband connection speeds – Q1 2017
Table 13 - Top 10 countries by high broadband connectivity of above 10Mb/s – 2015; 2016
Table 14 - Top 10 countries by high broadband connectivity of above 15Mb/s – 2016
Table 15 – South Korea - fixed broadband subscribers and penetration (with Forecast) – 2007 - 2022
Table 16 – Global IT security spending – 2011 - 2018
Table 17 – Global IT security spending by segment – 2018
Table 18 – Global LTE subscribers – 2011 – 2022
Table 19 – Global LTE network growth – 2010 – 2018
Table 20 – LTE penetration by region – Q1 2017; Q4 2017
Table 21 – Global VoLTE subscribers – 2017, 2022
Table 22 - Global number of public Wi-Fi hotspots – 2015; 2016; 2020; 2021
Table 23 – Global number of public and private homespots – 2015; 2020
Table 24 – Global Bluetooth device shipments– 2012 – 2021
Table 25 – Global – market share of mobile technologies - 2018
Table 26 – Global – 5G connections – 2019 - 2022
Table 27 – Global –mobile technologies by connections (including 5G) – 2019 - 2022
Table 28 – Examples of selected countries demonstrating 5G progress
List of Chart
Chart 1 – Population growth forecast – 2017 – 2100
Chart 2 – South Korea - fixed broadband subscribers and penetration (with Forecast) – 2007 - 2022
Chart 3 – LTE penetration by region – Q4 2017
Exhibit 1 - Urban growth
Exhibit 2 - PPPP stands for Public Private People Partnership
Exhibit 3 - ITU approves smart grid standards
Exhibit 4 - International Smart Grid Action Network
Exhibit 5 – Leading smart cities by region - 2019
Exhibit 6 – The Intelligent Communities Forum – top 10 smart communities for 2019
Exhibit 7 – Examples of smart home automation players
Exhibit 8 – Weightless SIG
Exhibit 9 – Mobile IoT initiative
Exhibit 10 – The first major M2M alliances
Exhibit 11 – RFID spectrum frequencies and application examples
Exhibit 12 – LTE definition
Exhibit 13 – VoLTE history: data first, voice second
Exhibit 14 – Fon
Exhibit 15 – Case Study – Airline Lounges
Exhibit 16 – Bluetooth SIG
Exhibit 17 – Key global developments towards 5G standardisation
Exhibit 18 – Potential frequency bands for 5G deployment
Exhibit 19 - Key considerations for government and regulators in relation to 5G
Exhibit 20 – Potential 5G elements
Exhibit 21 – Recent developments in Artificial Intelligence (AI)
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