The Public Safety LTE & 5G Market: 2020 - 2030 - Opportunities, Challenges, Strategies & Forecasts

The Public Safety LTE & 5G Market: 2020 - 2030 - Opportunities, Challenges, Strategies & Forecasts

May 2020 SNS Telecom & IT ICT1682 Pages Price :
$ 2500

With the standardization of MCX (Mission-Critical PTT, Video & Data), IOPS (Isolated Operation for Public Safety), HPUE (High-Power User Equipment) and other critical communications features by the 3GPP, LTE and 5G NR (New Radio) networks are increasingly gaining recognition as an all-inclusive public safety communications platform for the delivery of real-time video, high-resolution imagery, multimedia messaging, mobile office/field data applications, location services and mapping, situational awareness, unmanned asset control and other broadband capabilities, as well as MCPTT (Mission-Critical PTT) voice and narrowband data services provided by traditional LMR (Land Mobile Radio) systems.

A myriad of dedicated, hybrid commercial-private and MVNO-based public safety LTE and 5G-ready networks are operational or in the process of being rolled out throughout the globe. In addition to the high-profile FirstNet, South Korea’s Safe-Net and Britain’s ESN nationwide public safety broadband projects, many additional national-level engagements have recently come to light – most notably, the Royal Thai Police’s LTE network which is already operational in the greater Bangkok region, Finland's VIRVE 2.0 mission-critical mobile broadband service, France's PCSTORM critical communications broadband project, and Russia's secure 450 MHz LTE network for police forces, emergency services and the national guard.

Other operational and pilot deployments range from nationwide systems in the oil-rich GCC (Gulf Cooperation Council) region to local and city-level private LTE networks for first responders in markets as diverse as Canada, China, Laos, Indonesia, the Philippines, Pakistan, Lebanon, Egypt, Kenya, Ghana, Cote D'Ivoire, Cameroon, Mali, Madagascar, Mauritius, Canary Islands, Spain, Italy, Serbia, Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela, Bolivia, Ecuador and Trinidad & Tobago, as well as multi-domain critical communications broadband networks such as Nordic Telecom in the Czech Republic and MRC's (Mobile Radio Center) LTE-based advanced MCA digital radio system in Japan, and secure MVNO platforms in countries including but not limited to Mexico, Belgium, Switzerland, the Netherlands, Sweden, Slovenia and Estonia.

In addition, even though critical public safety-related 5G NR capabilities are yet to be standardized as part of the 3GPP's Release 17 specifications, public safety agencies have already begun experimenting with 5G for applications that can benefit from the technology's high-bandwidth and low-latency characteristics. For example, New Zealand Police are utilizing mobile operator Vodafone's 5G NR network to share real-time UHD (Ultra High Definition) video feeds from cellular-equipped drones and police cruisers with officers on the ground and command posts. In the near future, we also expect to see rollouts of localized 5G NR systems for incident scene management and related use cases, potentially using up to 50 MHz of Band n79 spectrum in the 4.9 GHz frequency range (4,940-4,990 MHz) which has been designated for public safety use in multiple countries including but not limited to the United States, Canada, Australia, Malaysia and Qatar.

SNS Telecom & IT estimates that annual investments in public safety LTE/5G-ready infrastructure will surpass $2 Billion by the end of 2020, predominantly driven by new build-outs and the expansion of existing dedicated and hybrid commercial-private networks in a variety of licensed bands across 420/450 MHz, 700 MHz, 800 MHz, 1.4 GHz and higher frequencies, in addition to secure MVNO networks for critical communications. Complemented by a rapidly expanding ecosystem of public safety-grade LTE/5G devices, the market will further grow at a CAGR of approximately 10% between 2020 and 2023, eventually accounting for more than $3 Billion by the end of 2023.

The “Public Safety LTE & 5G Market: 2020 – 2030 – Opportunities, Challenges, Strategies & Forecasts” report presents an in-depth assessment of the public safety LTE/5G market including market drivers, challenges, enabling technologies, application scenarios, use cases, operational models, key trends, standardization, spectrum availability/allocation, regulatory landscape, case studies, opportunities, future roadmap, value chain, ecosystem player profiles and strategies. The report also presents global and regional market size forecasts from 2020 till 2030, covering public safety LTE/5G infrastructure, terminal equipment, applications, systems integration and management solutions, as well as subscriptions and service revenue.

The report comes with an associated Excel datasheet suite covering quantitative data from all numeric forecasts presented in the report, as well as a list and associated details of over 500 global public safety LTE/5G engagements – as of Q2’2020.

Topics Covered

The report covers the following topics:

  • Public safety LTE and 5G ecosystem
  • Market drivers and barriers
  • System architecture and key elements of public safety LTE and 5G systems
  • Analysis of public safety broadband application scenarios and use cases – ranging from mission-critical group communications and real-time video transmission to 5G era applications centered upon UHD (Ultra High Definition Video), AR/VR/MR (Augmented, Virtual & Mixed Reality), drones and robotics
  • Operational models for public safety LTE and 5G networks including commercial, independent, managed, shared core, hybrid commercial-private and secure MVNO networks
  • PPPs (Public-Private Partnerships) and other common approaches to financing and delivering dedicated public safety LTE and 5G networks
  • MCX (Mission-Critical PTT, Video & Data), IOPS (Isolated Operation for Public Safety), deployable LTE/5G systems, ProSe (Proximity Services) for D2D (Device-to-Device) communications, HPUE (High Power User Equipment), QPP (QoS, Priority & Preemption), network slicing, end-to-end security, high-precision positioning, 3GPP access over satellite/NTN (Non-Terrestrial Networking) platforms and other enabling technologies
  • Key trends including hybrid RAN (Radio Access Network) implementations for nationwide public safety broadband networks, local and city-level LTE deployments to support police forces in developing countries, adoption of sub-500 MHz spectrum for mission-critical LTE networks, commercial readiness of 3GPP-compliant MCX functionality, LMR-based interim solutions for off-network communications, secure MVNO solutions with cross-border roaming, mobile operator-branded critical communications broadband platforms, 5G NR connectivity for applications requiring higher data rates and lower latencies, and localized 5G NR networks for incident scene management
  • Review of public safety LTE/5G engagements worldwide including a detailed assessment of 10 nationwide public safety broadband projects and additional case studies of over 40 dedicated, hybrid, MVNO and commercial operator-supplied systems
  • Spectrum availability, allocation and usage for public safety LTE and 5G networks across the global, regional and national regulatory domains
  • Standardization, regulatory and collaborative initiatives
  • Future roadmap and value chain
  • Profiles and strategies of 1,100 ecosystem players including LTE/5G equipment suppliers and public safety-domain specialists
  • Strategic recommendations for public safety and government agencies, LTE/5G infrastructure, device and chipset suppliers, LMR vendors, system integrators, and commercial/private mobile operators
  • Market analysis and forecasts from 2020 till 2030

Forecast Segmentation

Market forecasts are provided for each of the following submarkets and their subcategories:

Public Safety LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure

Submarkets

  • RAN (Radio Access Network)
  • Mobile Core
  • Backhaul & Transport

Technology Generations

  • LTE
  • 5G NR

RAN Base Station (eNB/gNB) Cell Sizes

  • Macrocells
  • Small Cells

RAN Base Station (eNB/gNB) Mobility Categories

  • Fixed Base Stations
  • Deployable Base Stations

Deployable RAN Base Station (eNB/gNB) Form Factors

  • NIB (Network-in-a-Box)
  • Vehicular COWs (Cells-on-Wheels)
  • Aerial Cell Sites
  • Maritime Platforms

Backhaul & Transport Network Transmission Mediums

  • Fiber & Wireline
  • Microwave
  • Satellite

Public Safety LTE & 5G Terminal Equipment

Technology Generations

  • LTE
  • 5G NR

Form Factors

  • Smartphones & Handportable Terminals
  • Mobile & Vehicular Routers
  • Fixed CPEs (Customer Premises Equipment)
  • Tablets & Notebook PCs
  • Smart Wearables
  • IoT Modules, Dongles & Others

Public Safety LTE & 5G Subscriptions/Service Revenue

Technology Generations

  • LTE
  • 5G NR

Network Types

  • Dedicated & Hybrid Commercial-Private Networks
  • Secure MVNO Networks
  • Commercial Mobile Networks

Public Safety LTE & 5G Systems Integration & Management Solutions

Submarkets

  • Network Integration & Testing
  • Device Management & User Services
  • Managed Services, Operations & Maintenance
  • Cybersecurity

Public Safety Broadband Applications

Submarkets

  • Mission-Critical Voice & Group Communications
  • Real-Time Video Transmission
  • Messaging, File Transfer & Presence Services
  • Mobile Office & Field Applications
  • Location Services & Mapping
  • Situational Awareness
  • Command & Control
  • AR/VR/MR (Augmented, Virtual & Mixed Reality)

Regional Markets

  • North America
  • Asia Pacific
  • Europe
  • Middle East & Africa
  • Latin & Central America

Key Questions Answered

The report provides answers to the following key questions:

  • How big is the public safety LTE and 5G opportunity?
  • What trends, drivers and barriers are influencing its growth?
  • How is the ecosystem evolving by segment and region?
  • What will the market size be in 2023, and at what rate will it grow?
  • Which regions and submarkets will see the highest percentage of growth?
  • What is the status of dedicated, hybrid commercial-private and secure MVNO-based public safety broadband networks worldwide?
  • What are the key application scenarios and use cases of LTE and 5G for first responders?
  • When will FirstNet, Safe-Net, ESN and other nationwide public safety broadband networks replace existing digital LMR systems?
  • What opportunities exist for commercial mobile operators and critical communications service providers?
  • What are the future prospects of NIB (Network-in-a-Box), COWs (Cell-on-Wheels), drone-mounted aerial cells and other rapidly deployable LTE and 5G NR systems?
  • How does standardization impact the adoption of LTE and 5G for public safety communications?
  • When will MCX, IOPS, ProSe, HPUE and other 3GPP-defined critical communications features be widely employed in public safety broadband networks?
  • How will network slicing provide dynamic QoS guarantees and isolation for public safety applications in 5G networks?
  • What are the existing and candidate frequency bands for the operation of public safety broadband networks?
  • How can public safety stakeholders leverage excess spectrum capacity to ensure the economic viability of dedicated LTE and LTE networks?
  • Who are the key ecosystem players, and what are their strategies?
  • What strategies should LTE/5G infrastructure suppliers, LMR vendors, system integrators and mobile operators adopt to remain competitive?

Key Findings

The report has the following key findings:

  • SNS Telecom & IT estimates that annual investments in public safety LTE/5G-ready infrastructure will surpass $2 Billion by the end of 2020, predominantly driven by new build-outs and the expansion of existing dedicated and hybrid commercial-private networks in addition to secure MVNO networks for critical communications. Complemented by a rapidly expanding ecosystem of public safety-grade LTE/5G devices, the market will further grow at a CAGR of approximately 10% between 2020 and 2023, eventually accounting for more than $3 Billion by the end of 2023.
  • Public safety LTE networks are playing an integral role in ongoing response efforts to combat the global COVID-19 pandemic. For example, in the United States, the FirstNet communications platform is being leveraged to deliver prioritized voice, data, video and location services for first responders and medical personnel – including mobile telehealth applications to facilitate remote screening and monitoring, as well as temporary coverage and capacity expansion for pop-up testing sites, quarantine centers and healthcare facilities using rapidly deployable cellular assets and in-building wireless systems.
  • In addition to the high-profile FirstNet, South Korea’s Safe-Net and Britain’s ESN nationwide public safety broadband projects, many additional national-level engagements have recently come to light – most notably, the Royal Thai Police’s LTE network which is already operational in the greater Bangkok region, Finland's VIRVE 2.0 mission-critical mobile broadband service, France's PCSTORM critical communications broadband project, and Russia's secure 450 MHz LTE network for police forces, emergency services and the national guard.
  • Other operational and pilot deployments range from nationwide systems in the oil-rich GCC (Gulf Cooperation Council) region to local and city-level private LTE networks for first responders in markets as diverse as Canada, China, Laos, Indonesia, the Philippines, Pakistan, Lebanon, Egypt, Kenya, Ghana, Cote D'Ivoire, Cameroon, Mali, Madagascar, Mauritius, Canary Islands, Spain, Italy, Serbia, Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela, Bolivia, Ecuador and Trinidad & Tobago, as well as multi-domain critical communications broadband networks such as Nordic Telecom in the Czech Republic and MRC's (Mobile Radio Center) LTE-based advanced MCA digital radio system in Japan, and secure MVNO platforms in countries including but not limited to Mexico, Belgium, Switzerland, the Netherlands, Sweden, Slovenia and Estonia.
  • Although the aforementioned references to several developing economies in the list of early adopters may come as a surprise, the lack of well-established digital LMR systems in many of these countries makes it possible to leapfrog directly from ageing analog technologies to LTE-based critical communications networks for both voice and broadband services, without the complex and time-consuming challenges associated with transitioning from large-scale and nationwide digital LMR networks.
  • In much of the developed world, digital LMR networks are unlikely to be fully replaced by LTE and 5G until the late 2020s to early 2030s, especially in markets where large-scale systems have been rolled out or upgraded recently – for example, Germany's BDBOS, Norway's Nodnett and the Netherlands' C2000 TETRA networks.
  • Leveraging their extensive LTE/5G NR-capable cellular infrastructure assets and technical expertise, mobile operators have managed to establish a foothold in the public safety broadband market – with active involvement in some of the largest public safety LTE/5G engagements using both commercial and dedicated public safety spectrum.
  • Dozens of vendors have already developed both client and application server implementations that are compliant with 3GPP's MCPTT, MCVideo and MCData specifications. Frontrunner customers – for example, South Korea's National Police Agency – have already begun transitioning to 3GPP-compliant MCX functionality, and we expect to see larger production-grade rollouts of the technology – beginning with MCPTT – in 2020.
  • Due to the commercial immaturity of 3GPP-specified ProSe (Proximity Services) functionality, a number of interim solutions are being employed to fulfill direct mode, off-network communications requirements. These range from hybrid TETRA/P25-LTE capable terminals to LMR-based RSMs (Remote Speaker Microphones) and detachable accessories that attach to existing LTE devices to facilitate D2D communications over a sufficient coverage radius.
  • Even though critical public safety-related 5G NR capabilities are yet to be standardized as part of the 3GPP's Release 17 specifications, public safety agencies have already begun experimenting with 5G for applications that can benefit from the technology's high-bandwidth and low-latency characteristics. For example, New Zealand Police are utilizing mobile operator Vodafone's 5G NR network to share real-time UHD (Ultra High Definition) video feeds from cellular-equipped drones and police cruisers with officers on the ground and command posts.
  • In the near future, we also expect to see rollouts of localized 5G NR systems for incident scene management and related use cases, potentially using up to 50 MHz of Band n79 spectrum in the 4.9 GHz frequency range (4,940-4,990 MHz) which has been designated for public safety use in multiple countries including but not limited to the United States, Canada, Australia, Malaysia and Qatar.
  • As public safety-grade 5G implementations become well-established in the 2020s, real-time UHD video transmission through coordinated fleets of drones, 5G-equipped autonomous police robots, smart ambulances, AR (Augmented Reality) firefighting helmets and other sophisticated public safety broadband applications will become a common sight.

List of Companies Mentioned :

3GPP (Third Generation Partnership Project), 450 MHz Alliance, 450connect, 4K Solutions, 6Harmonics/6WiLInk, 7Layers, A Beep/Diga-Talk+, A1 Telekom Austria Group, A10 Networks, Aaeon Technology, ABS, Abside Networks, Abu Dhabi Police, AccelerComm, Accelleran, ACCF (Australasian Critical Communications Forum), Accton Technology Corporation, Accuver, Ace Technologies Corporation, AceAxis, AceTel (Ace Solutions), Achronix Semiconductor Corporation, ACMA (Australian Communications and Media Authority), ACPDR (Administration of the Republic of Slovenia for Civil Protection and Disaster Relief), Action Technologies (Shenzhen Action Technologies), Active911, Adax, ADCOM911 (Adams County Communications Center), Adcor Magnet Systems, ADF (Australian Defence Force), ADI (Analog Devices Inc.), ADLINK Technology, ADRF (Advanced RF Technologies), ADT, ADTRAN, ADVA Optical Networking, AdvanceTec Industries, Advantech, Advantech Wireless Technologies, Aegex Technologies, Aerial Applications, AeroMobile Communications, AeroVironment, Affarii Technologies, Affirmed Networks, AGCOM (Autorità per le Garanzie nelle Comunicazioni), Agile (Agile Interoperable Solutions), AGIS (Advanced Ground Information Systems), AGM Mobile, AINA Wireless, Airbus, Airgain, Air-Lynx, Airrays, Airspan Networks, Airwave Solutions, Airwavz Solutions, Ajman Police, AKOS (Agency for Communication Networks and Services of the Republic of Slovenia), Akoustis Technologies, Alcobendas City Council, Alea/Talkway, Alepo, Alga Microwave, Alibaba Group, Allen Vanguard Wireless, Allerio, Alliander, Allied Telesis, Allot, Alpha Networks, Alpha Technologies, Alphabet, Altaeros, Altair Semiconductor, ALTÁN Redes, Altice Europe, Altice Labs, Altice USA, Altiostar Networks, Altran, Alvarion Technologies, AM Telecom, Amarisoft, Amazon, Ambra Solutions, Ambulance Victoria, Amdocs, América Móvil, American Tower Corporation, Amit Wireless, AMN (Africa Mobile Networks), Amphenol Corporation, Amtele Communication, An Garda Síochána (Irish National Police Service), ANACOM (National Communications Authority, Portugal), Anatel (Agencia Nacional de Telecomunicacoes), ANCOM (National Authority for Management and Regulation in Communications, Romania), Angolan Ministry of Interior, Anktion (Fujian) Technology, Anokiwave, Anritsu Corporation, ANS (Advanced Network Services), ANSI (American National Standards Institute), Antenna Company, Anterix (pdvWireless), Antna Antenna Technology, APCO (Association of Public-Safety Communications Officials) International, APD Communications, Apple, APSTAR (APT Satellite Company), APT (Asia-Pacific Telecommunity), Aptica, Aqura Technologies (Veris), Arabsat, Arcadyan Technology Corporation, ARCEP (Autorité de Régulation des Communications Électroniques), Archos, ARCIA (Australian Radio and Communications Industry Association), Arete M, AREU (Azienda Regionale Emergenza Urgenza), Argela/Netsia, Argentine Federal Police, ArgoNET, ARIB (Association of Radio Industries and Businesses, Japan), Arista Networks, ARM, Armasuisse (Federal Office for Defense Procurement, Switzerland), Armour Communications, Arqiva, ArrayComm, ARRIS International, Artemis Networks, Artiza Networks, Aruba Networks, Arukona, Asavie, ASELSAN, AsiaInfo Technologies, AsiaSat (Asia Satellite Telecommunications Company), Asiatelco Technologies, Askey Computer Corporation, ASMG (Arab Spectrum Management Group), ASOCS, Aspire Technology, Assured Wireless Corporation, Astellia, ASTRI (Hong Kong Applied Science and Technology Research Institute), ASTRID, Astronics Corporation, ASUS (ASUSTeK Computer), Asylon, AT&T, Atel Antennas, Athonet, ATIS (Alliance for Telecommunications Industry Solutions), AtlantiCare Regional Medical Center, Atlas Telecom, ATN International, Atos, ATT (Telecommunications and Transportation Regulation and Control Authority, Bolivia), AttoCore, ATU (African Telecommunications Union), Auckland Westpac Rescue Helicopter, Auden Techno, Aurora Flight Sciences, Avanti Communications Group, AVI, Aviat Networks, AVM, AVX Corporation, AW2S (Advanced Wireless Solutions and Services), Axians, Axione, Axis Communications, Axon, Axtel, Axxcss Wireless Solutions, Azcom Technology, Azetti Networks, B+B SmartWorx, BABS/FOCP (Federal Office for Civil Protection, Switzerland), BAE Systems, BAI Communications, Baicells Technologies, BAKOM/OFCOM (Federal Office of Communications, Switzerland), Ball Aerospace, BandRich, BandwidthX, Barrett Communications, BARTEC, BASARNAS (National Search and Rescue Agency, Indonesia), BATM Advanced Communications, BATS (Broadband Antenna Tracking Systems), Baylin Technologies, BayRICS (Bay Area Regional Interoperable Communications System Authority), BBB (BB Backbone Corporation), BBK Electronics Corporation, BCDVideo, BCE (Bell Canada), BDBOS (Federal Agency for Public Safety Digital Radio, Germany), BDEW (Federal Association of Energy and Water Industries, Germany), Beam Semiconductor, BEC Technologies, Beeline Armenia, Beeper Communications, Beijer Electronics Group, Belden, Belkin International, Belkin International/Foxconn Interconnect Technology, Benetel, BesoVideo, BHE (Bonn Hungary Electronics), Billion Electric, BIPT (Belgian Institute for Postal Services and Telecommunications), Bird Technologies, Bittium Corporation, BK Technologies, Black & Veatch, Black Box Corporation, BlackBerry, Blackned, BLiNQ Networks, Blu Wireless, Blue Danube Systems, Blue Wireless, Bluebird, Blueforce Development, Blueforce Development Corporation, BLUnet (Axpo WZ-Systems), BMI (Federal Ministry of Interior, Germany), BMKG (Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics Agency, Indonesia), BMVg (Federal Ministry of Defense, Germany), BMWi (Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy, Germany), BNetzA (Federal Network Agency, Germany), BNPB (National Board for Disaster Management, Indonesia), Boeing Company, Boelink (Shanghai Boelink Communication Technology), Boingo Wireless, Boise Police Department, Booz Allen Hamilton, Boston Police Department, Bouygues Telecom, Boxchip, BravoCom, Brazilian Army, Bredengen, BRI (Paris Research and Intervention Brigade), Bridgewave Communications, British Army, Broadcom, BroadForward, Broadmobi (Shanghai Broadmobi Communication Technology), Broadpeak, BSNL (Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited), BT Group, BTI Wireless, B-TrunC (Broadband Trunking Communication) Industry Alliance, Buenos Aires City Government, Buenos Aires City Police, Bulgarian Ministry of Interior, Bullitt, Bureau Veritas, BVSystems (Berkeley Varitronics Systems), BWT (BlueWaveTel), C Spire, CableFree (Wireless Excellence), CableLabs, CACI International, CACP (Canadian Association of Chiefs of Police), Cadence Design Systems, CAFC (Canadian Association of Fire Chiefs), CalAmp, Calgary Police Service, Caliber Public Safety, Callyo/10-21 Video, Caltta, Cambium Networks, Cambridge Consultants, Camtel (Cameroon Telecommunications), Canadian Army, Capita, CapX Nederland, Carbyne, Carlson Wireless Technologies, Casa Systems, CASIC (China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation), Casio Computer Company, Cat Phones (Caterpillar), CATA (Canadian Advanced Technology Alliance), Catalyst Communications Technologies, Cavli Wireless, CBRS Alliance, CCI (Communication Components Inc.), CCI Systems, CCN (Cirrus Core Networks), CCS (Cambridge Communication Systems), CCSA (China Communications Standards Association), CCww (Communications Consultants Worldwide), Celeno, Celfinet, CellAntenna Corporation, Cellnex Telecom, cellXica, Celona, Centerline Communications, CENTRA Technology, CentralSquare Technologies, CenturyLink, CEPT (European Conference of Postal and Telecommunications Administrations), Ceragon Networks, CertusNet, CETC (China Electronics Technology Group Corporation), CEVA, Challenge Networks, ChannelPorts, Charter Communications, Cheerzing (Xiamen Cheerzing IoT Technology), Chemring Technology Solutions, Chengdu NTS, Cheytec Telecommunications, Chicago Police Department, China All Access, China Mobile, China Satcom (China Satellite Communications), China Telecom, China Unicom, CHPC (Cirtek Holdings Philippines Corporation)/ Quintel, Cibicom, CICT (China Information and Communication Technology Group)/China Xinke Group, Ciena Corporation, CIG (Cambridge Industries Group), Cincinnati Police Department, CIO (Connected IO), Cirpack, Cisco Systems, CITEL (Inter-American Telecommunication Commission), CITIG (Canadian Interoperability Technology Interest Group), City of Cape Town, City of London Police, City of Sendai, Citymesh, CitySwitch,

Table of Contents

1 Chapter 1: Introduction 62
1.1 Executive Summary 62
1.2 Topics Covered 65
1.3 Forecast Segmentation 67
1.4 Key Questions Answered 70
1.5 Key Findings 72
1.6 Methodology 76
1.7 Target Audience 77
1.8 Companies & Organizations Mentioned 78

2 Chapter 2: An Overview of the Public Safety LTE & 5G Market 86
2.1 Narrowband LMR (Land Mobile Radio) Systems in the Public Safety Sector 86
2.1.1 LMR Market Size 86
2.1.1.1 Analog LMR 87
2.1.1.2 DMR 88
2.1.1.3 dPMR, NXDN & PDT 88
2.1.1.4 P25 89
2.1.1.5 TETRA 89
2.1.1.6 Tetrapol 90
2.1.1.7 Other LMR Technologies 90
2.1.2 The Limitations of LMR Networks 91
2.2 Adoption of Commercial Mobile Broadband Technologies 91
2.2.1 Why Use Commercial Technologies? 91
2.2.2 The Role of Mobile Broadband in Public Safety Communications 92
2.2.3 Can Mobile Broadband Technologies Replace LMR Systems? 92
2.3 Why LTE & 5G? 93
2.3.1 Performance Metrics 93
2.3.2 Coexistence, Interoperability & Spectrum Flexibility 94
2.3.3 A Thriving Ecosystem of Chipsets, Devices & Network Equipment 94
2.3.4 Economic Feasibility of Operation 95
2.3.5 Moving Towards LTE-Advanced & LTE-Advanced Pro 95
2.3.6 Public Safety Communications Support in LTE-Advanced Pro 96
2.3.7 5G NR (New Radio) Capabilities & Usage Scenarios 97
2.3.7.1 eMBB (Enhanced Mobile Broadband) 97
2.3.7.2 URLCC (Ultra-Reliable Low-Latency Communications) 98
2.3.7.3 mMTC (Massive Machine-Type Communications) 98
2.3.8 5G Applications for Public Safety 99
2.4 Public Safety LTE & 5G Operational Models 99
2.4.1 Public Safety Communications Over Commercial LTE/5G Networks 99
2.4.2 Independent Private LTE/5G Network 100
2.4.3 Managed Private LTE/5G Network 101
2.4.4 Shared Core Private LTE/5G Network 102
2.4.5 Hybrid Commercial-Private LTE/5G Network 103
2.4.6 Secure MVNO: Commercial LTE/5G RAN With a Private Mobile Core 104
2.4.7 Other Approaches 105
2.5 Financing & Delivering Dedicated Public Safety LTE & 5G Networks 105
2.5.1 National Government Authority-Owned & Operated 105
2.5.2 Local Government/Public Safety Agency-Owned & Operated 105
2.5.3 BOO (Built, Owned & Operated) by Critical Communications Service Provider 106
2.5.4 Government-Funded & Commercial Carrier-Operated 106
2.5.5 Other Forms of PPPs (Public-Private Partnerships) 107
2.6 Market Drivers 107
2.6.1 Growing Demand for High-Speed & Low-Latency Data Applications 107
2.6.2 Recognition of LTE & 5G as the De-Facto Platform for Wireless Connectivity 107
2.6.3 Spectral Efficiency & Bandwidth Flexibility 108
2.6.4 National & Cross-Border Interoperability 108
2.6.5 Consumer-Driven Economies of Scale 109
2.6.6 Endorsement From the Public Safety Community 109
2.6.7 Limited Competition From Other Wireless Broadband Technologies 109
2.6.8 Control Over QoS (Quality-of-Service), Prioritization and Preemption Policies 110
2.6.9 Support for Mission-Critical Functionality 110
2.6.10 Privacy & Security 110
2.7 Market Barriers 111
2.7.1 Limited Availability of Licensed Spectrum for Public Safety Broadband 111
2.7.2 Financial Challenges Associated With Large-Scale & Nationwide Networks 111
2.7.3 Technical Complexities of Implementation & Operation 112
2.7.4 Smaller Coverage Footprint Than LMR Systems 112
2.7.5 Delayed Standardization & Commercialization of Mission-Critical Functionality 113
2.7.6 Dependence on New Chipsets for Direct-Mode Communications 113

3 Chapter 3: System Architecture & Technologies for Public Safety LTE & 5G Networks 114
3.1 Architectural Components of Public Safety LTE & 5G Networks 114
3.1.1 UE (User Equipment) 114
3.1.1.1 Smartphones & Handportable Terminals 115
3.1.1.2 Mobile & Vehicular Routers 115
3.1.1.3 Fixed CPEs (Customer Premises Equipment) 116
3.1.1.4 Tablets & Notebook PCs 116
3.1.1.5 Smart Wearables 116
3.1.1.6 Cellular IoT Modules 116
3.1.1.7 Add-On Dongles 117
3.1.2 E-UTRAN – LTE RAN (Radio Access Network) 117
3.1.2.1 eNBs – LTE Base Stations 117
3.1.3 NG-RAN – 5G NR (New Radio) Access Network 118
3.1.3.1 gNBs – 5G NR Base Stations 119
3.1.3.2 en-gNBs – Secondary Node 5G NR Base Stations 119
3.1.3.3 ng-eNBs – Next Generation LTE Base Stations 120
3.1.4 Transport Network 120
3.1.4.1 Backhaul 120
3.1.4.2 Fronthaul & Midhaul 120
3.1.5 EPC (Evolved Packet Core) – LTE Mobile Core 120
3.1.5.1 SGW (Serving Gateway) 121
3.1.5.2 PGW (Packet Data Network Gateway) 121
3.1.5.3 MME (Mobility Management Entity) 121
3.1.5.4 HSS (Home Subscriber Server) 121
3.1.5.5 PCRF (Policy Charging and Rules Function) 122
3.1.6 5GC (5G Core)/NGC (Next-Generation Core) 122
3.1.6.1 AMF (Access & Mobility Management Function) 124
3.1.6.2 UPF (User Plane Function) 124
3.1.6.3 SMF (Session Management Function) 124
3.1.6.4 PCF (Policy Control Function) 124
3.1.6.5 NEF (Network Exposure Function) 125
3.1.6.6 NRF (Network Repository Function) 125
3.1.6.7 UDM (Unified Data Management) 125
3.1.6.8 UDR (Unified Data Repository) 125
3.1.6.9 AUSF (Authentication Server Function) 126
3.1.6.10 AF (Application Function) 126
3.1.6.11 NSSF (Network Slice Selection Function) 126
3.1.6.12 NWDAF (Network Data Analytics Function) 126
3.1.6.13 Other Elements 126
3.1.7 IMS (IP-Multimedia Subsystem), Application & Service Elements 128
3.1.7.1 IMS Core & VoLTE/VoNR 128
3.1.7.2 eMBMS/FeMBMS – Broadcasting/Multicasting Over LTE/5G Networks 128
3.1.7.3 ProSe (Proximity Services) 129
3.1.7.4 Group Communication & Mission-Critical Services 129
3.1.8 Gateways for LTE/5G-External Network Interworking 130
3.2 Key Enabling Technologies & Concepts 131
3.2.1 MCPTT (Mission-Critical PTT) Voice & Group Communications 131
3.2.1.1 Functional Capabilities of the MCPTT Service 131
3.2.1.2 Performance Comparison With LMR Voice Services 131
3.2.2 Mission-Critical Video & Data 132
3.2.2.1 MCVideo (Mission-Critical Video) 132
3.2.2.2 MCData (Mission-Critical Data) 132
3.2.3 ProSe (Proximity Services) for D2D Connectivity & Communications 133
3.2.3.1 Direct Communication for Coverage Extension 134
3.2.3.2 Direct Communication Within Network Coverage 134
3.2.3.3 Infrastructure Failure & Emergency Scenarios 135
3.2.3.4 Additional Capacity for Incident Response & Special Events 135
3.2.3.5 Discovery Services for Disaster Relief 135
3.2.4 IOPS (Isolated Operation for Public Safety) 136
3.2.4.1 Ensuring Resilience & Service Continuity for Critical Communications 136
3.2.4.2 Localized Mobile Core & Application Capabilities 136
3.2.4.3 Support for Regular & Nomadic Base Stations 137
3.2.4.4 Isolated RAN Scenarios 137
3.2.4.4.1 No Backhaul 137
3.2.4.4.2 Limited Backhaul for Signaling Only 137
3.2.4.4.3 Limited Backhaul for Signaling & User Data 137
3.2.5 Deployable LTE & 5G Systems 138
3.2.5.1 Key Operational Capabilities 138
3.2.5.1.1 RAN-Only Systems for Coverage & Capacity Enhancement 138
3.2.5.1.2 Mobile Core-Integrated Systems for Autonomous Operation 139
3.2.5.1.3 Backhaul Interfaces & Connectivity 139
3.2.5.2 NIB (Network-in-a-Box): Self-Contained Portable Systems 139
3.2.5.2.1 Backpacks 139
3.2.5.2.2 Tactical Cases 140
3.2.5.3 Vehicular-Based Deployables 140
3.2.5.3.1 COW (Cell-on-Wheels) 140
3.2.5.3.2 COLT (Cell-on-Light Truck) 141
3.2.5.3.3 SOW (System-on-Wheels) 141
3.2.5.3.4 VNS (Vehicular Network System) 141
3.2.5.4 Aerial Cell Sites 142
3.2.5.4.1 Drones 142
3.2.5.4.2 Balloons 142
3.2.5.4.3 Other Aircraft 143
3.2.5.5 Maritime Platforms 143
3.2.6 UE Enhancements 143
3.2.6.1 Ruggedization to Meet Critical Communications User Requirements 143
3.2.6.2 Dedicated PTT Buttons & Functional Enhancements 144
3.2.6.3 Long-Lasting Batteries 144
3.2.6.4 HPUE (High-Power User Equipment) 145
3.2.7 IoT-Focused Technologies 145
3.2.7.1 eMTC, NB-IoT & mMTC: Wide Area & High Density IoT Applications 145
3.2.7.2 Techniques for URLLC 146
3.2.7.3 TSN (Time Sensitive Networking) 146
3.2.8 High-Precision Positioning 147
3.2.8.1 Support for Assisted-GNSS & RTK (Real Time Kinematic) Technology 147
3.2.8.2 RAN-Based Positioning Techniques 148
3.2.8.3 RAN-Independent Methods 148
3.2.9 QPP (QoS, Priority & Preemption) 148
3.2.9.1 3GPP-Specified QPP Capabilities 148
3.2.9.1.1 Access Priority: ACB (Access Class Barring) 148
3.2.9.1.2 Admission Priority & Preemption: ARP (Allocation and Retention Priority) 149
3.2.9.1.3 Traffic Scheduling Priority: QCI (QoS Class Indicator) 149
3.2.9.1.4 Emergency Scenarios: eMPS (Enhanced Multimedia Priority Service) 149
3.2.9.2 Additional QPP Enhancements 150
3.2.10 E2E (End-to-End) Security 150
3.2.10.1 3GPP-Specified Security Architecture 150
3.2.10.1.1 Device Security 150
3.2.10.1.2 Air Interface Security 151
3.2.10.1.3 Mobile Core & Transport Network Security 151
3.2.10.2 Application Domain Protection & E2E Encryption 152
3.2.10.3 Enhancements to Support National Security & Additional Requirements 153
3.2.10.4 Quantum Cryptography Technologies 153
3.2.11 Licensed Spectrum Sharing & Aggregation 154
3.2.12 Unlicensed & Shared Spectrum Usage 155
3.2.12.1 CBRS (Citizens Broadband Radio Service): Three-Tiered Sharing 155
3.2.12.2 LSA (Licensed Shared Access): Two-Tiered Sharing 156
3.2.12.3 sXGP (Shared Extended Global Platform): Non-Tiered Unlicensed Access 156
3.2.12.4 LTE-U/LAA (License Assisted Access) & eLAA (Enhanced LAA): Licensed & Unlicensed Spectrum Aggregation 157
3.2.12.5 MulteFire 158
3.2.12.6 5G NR-U 158
3.2.13 SDR (Software-Defined Radio) 158
3.2.14 Cognitive Radio & Spectrum Sensing 159
3.2.15 Wireless Connection Bonding 159
3.2.16 Network Sharing & Slicing 160
3.2.16.1 MOCN (Multi-Operator Core Network) 160
3.2.16.2 MORAN (Multi-Operator RAN) 160
3.2.16.3 GWCN (Gateway Core Network) 160
3.2.16.4 Service-Specific PLMN (Public Land Mobile Network) IDs 161
3.2.16.5 DDN (Data Network Name)/APN (Access Points Name)-Based Isolation 161
3.2.16.6 DECOR (Dedicated Core) 161
3.2.16.7 eDECOR (Enhanced DECOR) 161
3.2.16.8 5G Network Slicing 162
3.2.17 Software-Centric Networking 163
3.2.17.1 NFV (Network Functions Virtualization) 163
3.2.17.2 SDN (Software Defined Networking) 164
3.2.18 Small Cells 164
3.2.19 C-RAN (Centralized RAN) 165
3.2.20 Satellite Communications 166
3.2.21 High Capacity Microwave/Millimeter Wave Links 166
3.2.22 Wireline Fiber Infrastructure 167
3.2.23 SON (Self-Organizing Networks) 167
3.2.24 MEC (Multi-Access Edge Computing) 167
3.2.25 Artificial Intelligence & Machine Learning 168
3.2.26 Big Data & Advanced Analytics 169

4 Chapter 4: Public Safety LTE/5G Application Scenarios & Use Cases 171
4.1 Mission-Critical HD Voice & Group Communications 171
4.1.1 Group Calls 171
4.1.2 Private Calls 172
4.1.3 Broadcast Calls 172
4.1.4 System Calls 172
4.1.5 Emergency Calls & Alerts 172
4.1.6 Imminent Peril Calls 173
4.1.7 Ambient & Discrete Listening 173
4.1.8 Remotely Initiated Calls 173
4.2 Real-Time Video & High-Resolution Imagery 174
4.2.1 Mobile Video & Imagery Transmission 174
4.2.2 Group-Based Video Communications 174
4.2.3 Video Conferencing for Small Groups 174
4.2.4 Private One-To-One Video Calls 175
4.2.5 Video Pull & Push Services 175
4.2.6 Ambient Viewing 175
4.2.7 Video Transport From Fixed Cameras 175
4.2.8 Aerial Video Surveillance 176
4.3 Messaging, File Transfer & Presence Services 177
4.3.1 SDS (Short Data Service) 177
4.3.2 RTT (Real-Time Text) 177
4.3.3 File Distribution 177
4.3.4 Multimedia Messaging 178
4.3.5 Presence Services 178
4.4 Secure & Seamless Mobile Broadband Access 179
4.4.1 IP Connectivity & Data Streaming for Mission-Critical Services 179
4.4.2 Email, Internet & Corporate Intranet 179
4.4.3 Remote Database Access 179
4.4.4 Mobile Office & Field Applications 180
4.4.5 Wireless Telemetry 180
4.4.6 Bulk Multimedia & Data Transfers 180
4.4.7 Seamless Data Roaming 181
4.4.8 Public Safety-Grade Mobile VPN (Virtual Private Network) 181
4.5 Location Services & Mapping 182
4.5.1 Network Assisted-GPS/GNSS 182
4.5.2 Indoor & Urban Positioning 182
4.5.3 Floor-Level & 3D Geolocation 182
4.5.4 Advanced Mapping & Spatial Analytics 183
4.5.5 AVL (Automatic Vehicle Location) & Fleet Management 183
4.5.6 Field Personnel & Asset Tracking 183
4.5.7 Navigation for Vehicles, Vessels & Aircraft 184
4.5.8 Geo-Fencing for Public Safety Operations 184
4.6 Command & Control 185
4.6.1 CAD (Computer Aided Dispatch) 185
4.6.2 Situational Awareness 185
4.6.3 Common Operating Picture 185
4.6.4 Integration of Critical IoT Assets 186
4.6.5 Remote Control of Drones, Robots & Other Unmanned Systems 186
4.6.6 Digital Signage & Traffic Alerts 186
4.7 5G & Advanced Public Safety Broadband Applications 187
4.7.1 UHD (Ultra-High Definition) Video Transmission 187
4.7.2 Massive-Scale Surveillance & Analytics 187
4.7.3 AR, VR & MR (Augmented, Virtual & Mixed Reality) 187
4.7.4 Smart Glasses for Frontline Police Officers 188
4.7.5 5G-Connected AR Headgear for Firefighters 188
4.7.6 Telehealth & Remote Surgery for EMS (Emergency Medical Services) 188
4.7.7 AR Overlays for Police Cruisers, Ambulances, Fire Engines & Helicopters 188
4.7.8 Holographic Command Centers 189
4.7.9 Wireless VR/MR-Based Training 189
4.7.10 Real-Time Physiological Monitoring of First Responders 189
4.7.11 5G-Equipped Autonomous Police Robots 189
4.7.12 Unmanned Aerial, Ground & Marine Vehicles 190
4.7.13 Powering the IoLST (Internet of Life Saving Things) 190
4.7.14 5G Multicast-Broadcast Services in High-Density Environments 190
4.7.15 Direct Mode Voice, Video & Data Communications 190
4.7.16 Coverage Expansion Through UE-To-Network Relaying 191
4.7.17 Satellite & NTN (Non-Terrestrial Network)-Assisted 5G NR Access 191
4.7.18 Centimeter-Level Positioning for First Responder Operations 191
4.7.19 Practical Examples of 5G Era Public Safety Applications 191
4.7.19.1 Blueforce Development: Leveraging 5G and Edge Computing for Real-Time Situational Awareness 192
4.7.19.2 Cosumnes Fire Department: AR Firefighting Helmets 192
4.7.19.3 Dubai Police: AI (Artificial Intelligence)-Enabled Identification of Criminals 192
4.7.19.4 Dublin Fire Brigade: Coordinating Emergency Incidents With 5G Connectivity 193
4.7.19.5 Edgybees: Real-Time Augmented Visual Intelligence 193
4.7.19.6 Government of Catalonia: 5G-Equipped Emergency Medical Vehicles 193
4.7.19.7 National Police of the Netherlands: AR-Facilitated Crime Scene Investigations 194
4.7.19.8 New Zealand Police: Aerial Surveillance Through 5G NR Connectivity 194
4.7.19.9 NHS (National Health Service, United Kingdom): 5G-Connected Smart Ambulances 194
4.7.19.10 Singapore Police Force: 5G-Equipped Police Robots 195
4.7.19.11 V-Armed: Preparing Officers for Active Shooter Scenarios Through VR Training 195
4.7.19.12 Maebashi City Fire Department: 5G for Emergency Response & Rescue Services 196

5 Chapter 5: Review of Public Safety LTE & 5G Engagements Worldwide 197
5.1 North America 197
5.1.1 United States: Leading the Way With FirstNet – The World's Largest Purpose-Built Public Safety Broadband Network 197
5.1.2 Canada: Dedicated 700 MHz LTE Network Rollouts by the Halton & Peel Regional Police Services 198
5.2 Asia Pacific 198
5.2.1 Australia: Establishing a National PSMB (Public Safety Mobile Broadband) Capability 198
5.2.2 New Zealand: Nationwide Critical Communications Platform Based on Commercial LTE and 5G NR Networks 199
5.2.3 China: City & District-Wide 1.4 GHz LTE Networks for Police Forces 200
5.2.4 Hong Kong: Field Trials of Dedicated 400 MHz & 700 MHz LTE Networks 200
5.2.5 Japan: Use of Both Commercial & Private LTE/5G Networks 200
5.2.6 South Korea: Safe-Net – Spearheading Nationwide Public Safety LTE Network Deployments 201
5.2.7 Singapore: LTE-Based Broadband Overlay to Complement TETRA 201
5.2.8 Malaysia: Evaluating Multiple Delivery Models for Mission-Critical Broadband 202
5.2.9 Indonesia: Field Trials of 700 MHz Public Safety LTE Networks 202
5.2.10 Philippines: Rapidly Deployable LTE Systems for Disaster Relief 203
5.2.11 Thailand: 800 MHz LTE Network for the Royal Thai Police 203
5.2.12 Laos: LTE-Based Emergency Communications Networks for Local Governments 203
5.2.13 Myanmar: Possible Rollout of a 700 MHz Public Safety Broadband Network 204
5.2.14 India: Proposed Deployment of a National Hybrid Broadband PPDR Network 204
5.2.15 Pakistan: Dedicated 800 MHz LTE Networks for Safe City Projects 204
5.3 Europe 204
5.3.1 United Kingdom: ESN – Pioneering the Use of Resilient Commercial RAN Infrastructure for Emergency Communications 204
5.3.2 Ireland: Early Field Trials of Dedicated LTE/5G-Ready Systems for First Responders 205
5.3.3 France: Transitioning to Mission-Critical Broadband Through the PCSTROM and RRF Projects 205
5.3.4 Germany: Planned Rollout of the BDBOS Hybrid Government-Commercial Broadband Network 206
5.3.5 Belgium: Government-Owned Secure MVNO With Priority & National/Cross-Border Roaming 206
5.3.6 Netherlands: Growing Acceptance of Secure MVNO Services for Mission-Critical Broadband 207
5.3.7 Switzerland: Dedicated 700 MHz RAN Trials & Secure MVNO Services With QPP (QoS, Priority & Preemption) 207
5.3.8 Austria: Possibility to Use Both Dedicated & Commercial RAN Infrastructure Options 208
5.3.9 Italy: Joint Use of TETRA & LTE Systems for Mission-Critical Communications 208
5.3.10 Spain: Establishing European Leadership in Dedicated Public Safety LTE Networks 209
5.3.11 Portugal: Preliminary Trials of 5G for Emergency Services 210
5.3.12 Sweden: Ongoing Efforts for 700 MHz Spectrum Allocation 210
5.3.13 Norway: NGN (Next Generation Nødnett) – Mission-Critical Broadband System Using Commercial LTE/5G Networks 211
5.3.14 Denmark: Secure MVNO Model With Prioritized Access Over Commercial RAN Infrastructure 211
5.3.15 Finland: VIRVE 2.0 Mission-Critical Broadband Service 211
5.3.16 Estonia: State-Owned MVNO for Public Safety Broadband 212
5.3.17 Czech Republic: World's First 420 MHz LTE Network for Critical Communications 212
5.3.18 Poland: Leveraging LTE to Modernize Existing Police Radio Communications Systems 212
5.3.19 Greece: TETRA-Broadband Integration & LTE-Equipped Portable Emergency Command Systems 213
5.3.20 Turkey: Domestically-Produced LTE/5G-Ready Base Stations for Public Safety & Emergency Communications 213
5.3.21 Bulgaria: Hybrid TETRA-LTE Implementation to Meet Mission-Critical Communications Needs 213
5.3.22 Romania: Possible Deployment of a 700 MHz Public Safety Broadband Network 214
5.3.23 Hungary: Planned Rollout of a 420/450 MHz LTE Network to Supplement TETRA-Based EDR System 214
5.3.24 Slovenia: Setting 5G PPDR Projects in Motion 214
5.3.25 Serbia: LTE-Connected Safe City & Surveillance Systems 215
5.3.26 Russia: Secure 450 MHz LTE Network for Police Forces, Emergency Services & the National Guard 215
5.4 Middle East & Africa 216
5.4.1 Saudi Arabia: Unified TETRA-LTE Network for Mission-Critical Communications 216
5.4.2 United Arab Emirates: Emirate-Wide 700 MHz Public Safety LTE Networks 216
5.4.3 Qatar: Middle East's First Dedicated Public Safety Broadband Network 217
5.4.4 Oman: Nationwide 800 MHz LTE Network for the ROP (Royal Oman Police) 217
5.4.5 Jordan: Pilot LTE Network for the Jordanian Armed Forces 217
5.4.6 Iraq: Local LTE-Based Wireless Communications Systems for Security Forces 217
5.4.7 Egypt: Security-Oriented LTE Networks for Safe City Initiatives 218
5.4.8 Lebanon: LTE Network for Internal Security Forces 218
5.4.9 Israel: LTE/5G-Ready Network Rollouts for Military & Public Safety Communications 218
5.4.10 South Africa: Demand for Access to Sub-1 GHz Public Safety Broadband Spectrum 219
5.4.11 Kenya: Custom-Built LTE Network for the Kenyan Police Service 219
5.4.12 Ghana: 1.4 GHz LTE-Based National Security Network 219
5.4.13 Nigeria: Planned Rollouts of Public Safety LTE Networks for Safe City Initiatives 220
5.4.14 Angola: TETRA-LTE Integration Through Commercial Mobile Operators 220
5.4.15 Republic of the Congo: LTE-Equipped ECVs (Emergency Communications Vehicles) 220
5.4.16 Côte d'Ivoire: Dedicated LTE Network for the Ministry of Interior and Security 220
5.4.17 Cameroon: LTE Connectivity for Video Surveillance & Broadband Applications 221
5.4.18 Mali: LTE-Based Safe City Network for Police & Security Forces 221
5.4.19 Madagascar: LTE-Based Secure Communications Network for the Madagascar National Police 221
5.4.20 Mauritius: Private LTE Network for the MPF (Mauritius Police Force) 221
5.5 Latin & Central America 222
5.5.1 Brazil: 700 MHz LTE Systems for Military Police, Fire Departments & Other Public Safety Agencies 222
5.5.2 Mexico: Secure MVNO Broadband Services for Public Safety & Defense Authorities 222
5.5.3 Argentina: Tactical LTE Systems for Incident Response & Major Events 222
5.5.4 Colombia: LTE Network Field Trials by the National Police of Colombia 223
5.5.5 Chile: Potential Rollout of a 700 MHz Public Safety LTE Network 223
5.5.6 Peru: Unified LMR-LTE Implementation for Mission-Critical Voice & Broadband Data Services 223
5.5.7 Venezuela: LTE-Equipped VEN 911/SIMA Video Surveillance and Emergency Response System 224
5.5.8 Ecuador: LTE-Based Communications for the ECU-911 Emergency Response Program 224
5.5.9 Bolivia: Dedicated LTE Networks for the BOL-110 Citizen Security System & Other Safe City Projects 224
5.5.10 Caribbean Countries: Diverse Operational Models to Deliver Public Safety Broadband Services 225

6 Chapter 6: Public Safety LTE & 5G Case Studies 226
6.1 Nationwide Public Safety LTE/5G Projects 226
6.1.1 United States' FirstNet (First Responder Network) 226
6.1.1.1 Operational Model 226
6.1.1.2 Vendors 226
6.1.1.3 Deployment Summary 226
6.1.1.4 Key Applications 228
6.1.1.5 FirstNet Service Plans & Pricing 228
6.1.1.6 Integration of Early Builder Band 14 Networks 229
6.1.1.7 Retrofitted & Purpose-Built FirstNet Cell Sites 229
6.1.1.8 Rapidly Deployable Cellular Assets for Temporary Coverage & Capacity 229
6.1.1.9 Certification of Terminal Equipment, Accessories & Applications 230
6.1.1.10 HPUE Solutions for Coverage Enhancement 230
6.1.1.11 Controlled Introduction of 3GPP-Complaint MCPTT Service 231
6.1.1.12 Interoperability With Legacy LMR Systems 231
6.1.1.13 Supporting COVID-19 Emergency Response Efforts 231
6.1.2 United Kingdom’s ESN (Emergency Services Network) 232
6.1.2.1 Operational Model 232
6.1.2.2 Vendors 232
6.1.2.3 Deployment Summary 232
6.1.2.4 Key Applications 233
6.1.2.5 ESN Products 234
6.1.2.6 EE's LTE Network Expansion & Additional Low Band Spectrum 234
6.1.2.7 Government-Funded RAN Assets for Remote Areas & the London Underground 235
6.1.2.8 A2G (Air-to-Ground) Network to Deliver ESN Coverage Above 500 Feet 235
6.1.2.9 Deployable Assets & RRVs (Rapid Response Vehicles) 235
6.1.2.10 Direct Mode Solution for ESN Terminals 236
6.1.2.11 Replacement of the Airwave TETRA Network 236
6.1.3 South Korea’s Safe-Net (National Disaster Safety Communications Network) 237
6.1.3.1 Operational Model 237
6.1.3.2 Vendors 237
6.1.3.3 Deployment Summary 237
6.1.3.4 Key Applications 238
6.1.3.5 Government-Owned RAN & Mobile Core Equipment 239
6.1.3.6 RAN Sharing With Commercial Mobile Operators 239
6.1.3.7 Planned Evolution Towards 5G 239
6.1.3.8 Experimentation With D2D Communications 239
6.1.3.9 Interworking With LTE-Based Railway & Maritime Networks 240
6.1.4 Royal Thai Police's LTE Network 241
6.1.4.1 Operational Model 241
6.1.4.2 Vendors 241
6.1.4.3 Deployment Summary 241
6.1.4.4 Key Applications 242
6.1.4.5 Broadband Access for Other Government & PPDR Users 243
6.1.4.6 Use of Deployable LTE Assets During the Tham Luang Cave Rescue 243
6.1.5 France's PCSTORM Critical Communications Broadband Project 245
6.1.5.1 Operational Model 245
6.1.5.2 Vendors 245
6.1.5.3 Deployment Summary 245
6.1.5.4 Key Applications 246
6.1.5.5 Paving the Way for a Nationwide LTE/5G-Based RRF (Radio Network of the Future) 246
6.1.5.6 RFIs to Address Direct-Mode, A2G (Air-to-Ground), LSA (Licensed Shared Access) & Other Issues 247
6.1.5.7 Fully Operational RRF to Support the 2023 Rugby World Cup and 2024 Olympic Games 248
6.1.5.8 Expansion of the Mission-Critical RRF Network to Overseas Territories 248
6.1.6 Finland's VIRVE 2.0 Mission-Critical Broadband Network 249
6.1.6.1 Operational Model 249
6.1.6.2 Vendors 249
6.1.6.3 Deployment Summary 249
6.1.6.4 Key Applications 251
6.1.6.5 Legislative Support for the Rollout of VIRVE 2.0 251
6.1.6.6 Migration From Existing TETRA Network to VIRVE 2.0 251
6.1.7 Russia's Secure 450 MHz LTE Network 252
6.1.7.1 Operational Model 252
6.1.7.2 Vendors 252
6.1.7.3 Deployment Summary 252
6.1.7.4 Key Applications 253
6.1.7.5 Physical & Cybersecurity Measures to Address National Security Concerns 253
6.1.7.6 Integration With Russia's National Broadband Platform for Socially Critical Infrastructure 253
6.1.8 Slovenia's 5G PPDR (Public Protection & Disaster Relief) Project 254
6.1.8.1 Operational Model 254
6.1.8.2 Vendors 254
6.1.8.3 5G Pilot Deployment Summary 254
6.1.8.4 Key Applications 255
6.1.8.5 Cross-Border Collaboration With Hungary 255
6.1.8.6 Ongoing Rollout of Hybrid Government-Commercial LTE/5G-Ready Network 255
6.1.9 Belgium's ASTRID BLM (Blue Light Mobile) 256
6.1.9.1 Operational Model 256
6.1.9.2 Vendors 256
6.1.9.3 Deployment Summary 256
6.1.9.4 Key Applications 257
6.1.9.5 Priority & Preemption Service Levels 257
6.1.9.6 VPN Tunneling for Secure Connectivity 258
6.1.9.7 ASTRID Cloud: Application Hosting & Sharing 258
6.1.9.8 Future Plans for Service Evolution 258
6.1.9.9 Possible Rollout of Complementary RAN Infrastructure 258
6.1.10 Qatar MOI's (Ministry of Interior) LTE Network 259
6.1.10.1 Operational Model 259
6.1.10.2 Vendors 259
6.1.10.3 Deployment Summary 259
6.1.10.4 Key Applications 259
6.1.10.5 Integration With the MOI's TETRA Network 260
6.1.10.6 Technology-Driven Security for the 2022 FIFA World Cup 260
6.2 Additional Case Studies of Public Safety LTE/5G Network & Service Rollouts 261
6.2.1 5G RuralDorset – Coastal Connectivity for First Responders 261
6.2.2 Abu Dhabi Police 262
6.2.3 Airbus' MXLINK 263
6.2.4 BLUnet 265
6.2.5 Buenos Aires City Police 266
6.2.6 City of Sendai 267
6.2.7 Cochabamba Safe City Project 269
6.2.8 Dublin Fire Brigade 271
6.2.9 Ecuador ECU-911 273
6.2.10 Ghana's Integrated National Security Communications Network 275
6.2.11 Guangzhou Hybrid TETRA-5G Network 276
6.2.12 Halton-Peel Public Safety Broadband Network 277
6.2.13 Kenyan Police Service 279
6.2.14 KPN Critical Communications Platform 281
6.2.15 Lijiang Police 282
6.2.16 MPF (Mauritius Police Force) 283
6.2.17 MRC (Mobile Radio Center) 284
6.2.18 MSB (Civil Contingencies Agency, Sweden) 285
6.2.19 Nanjing Municipal Government 286
6.2.20 National Police of Colombia 288
6.2.21 Nedaa 289
6.2.22 New Zealand Police 291
6.2.23 Nordic Telecom 292
6.2.24 Philippine Red Cross 293
6.2.25 PrioCom 294
6.2.26 PSCA (Punjab Safe Cities Authority) 295
6.2.27 RESCAN (Canary Islands Network for Emergency and Security) 297
6.2.28 RIKS (State Infocommunication Foundation, Estonia) 299
6.2.29 Rivas Vaciamadrid City Council 300
6.2.30 ROP (Royal Oman Police) 302
6.2.31 Salvador de Bahia Convergent TETRA-LTE System 303
6.2.32 São Paulo State Military Police 304
6.2.33 Serbian Ministry of Interior 305
6.2.34 Shanghai Police Department 306
6.2.35 Singapore Police Force 308
6.2.36 Swisscom Broadcast's Public Safety LTE Platform 309
6.2.37 Telstra LANES Emergency 311
6.2.38 Thales' Eiji 313
6.2.39 TIM's (Telecom Italia Mobile) Public Safety LTE Service 315
6.2.40 TWFRS (Tyne and Wear Fire and Rescue Service) 316
6.2.41 UN (United Nations) 318
6.2.42 Verzion's Responder Private Core 320
6.2.43 Vientiane Municipal Government 322
6.2.44 Wujiang Public Security Bureau 323

7 Chapter 7: Public Safety LTE/5G Spectrum Availability, Allocation & Usage 324
7.1 Frequency Bands for Public Safety LTE & 5G Networks 324
7.1.1 200 MHz 324
7.1.1.1 Japan's 170 – 202.5 MHz Band 324
7.1.1.2 Other Non-Traditional Frequency Bands 325
7.1.2 400 MHz 325
7.1.2.1 Bands 31, 72 & 73 (450 – 470 MHz) 326
7.1.2.2 Bands 87 & 88 (410 – 430 MHz) 326
7.1.2.3 Non-3GPP Bands 326
7.1.3 700 MHz 327
7.1.3.1 Band 14 (758 – 798 MHz) 327
7.1.3.2 Band 28 (703 – 803 MHz) 327
7.1.3.3 Band 68 (698 – 783 MHz) 327
7.1.3.4 Other 700 MHz Bands 328
7.1.4 800 MHz 328
7.1.4.1 Band 20 (791 – 862 MHz) 328
7.1.4.2 Band 26 (814 – 894 MHz) 328
7.1.4.3 Other 800 MHz Bands 329
7.1.5 900 MHz 329
7.1.5.1 Band 8 (880 – 960 MHz) 329
7.1.6 Mid-Band (1 – 6 GHz) Frequencies 329
7.1.6.1 1.4 GHz 329
7.1.6.2 1.8 GHz 330
7.1.6.3 2.3 GHz 330
7.1.6.4 2.6 GHz 330
7.1.6.5 3.5 GHz 331
7.1.6.6 3.6 GHz 331
7.1.6.7 3.7 GHz 332
7.1.6.8 4.6 – 4.8 GHz 332
7.1.6.9 4.9 GHz 332
7.1.6.10 5 GHz 333
7.1.6.11 6 GHz 333
7.1.6.12 Other Bands 333
7.1.7 High-Band Millimeter Wave Spectrum 334
7.1.7.1 26 GHz 334
7.1.7.2 28 GHz 334
7.1.7.3 37 GHz 335
7.1.7.4 57 – 71 GHz 335
7.1.7.5 Other Bands 335
7.2 North America 335
7.2.1 United States 335
7.2.2 Canada 336
7.3 Asia Pacific 337
7.3.1 Australia 337
7.3.2 New Zealand 337
7.3.3 China 337
7.3.4 Hong Kong 338
7.3.5 Japan 338
7.3.6 South Korea 339
7.3.7 Singapore 339
7.3.8 Malaysia 340
7.3.9 Indonesia 340
7.3.10 Thailand 340
7.3.11 Myanmar 341
7.3.12 India 341
7.3.13 Pakistan 341
7.3.14 Rest of Asia Pacific 341
7.4 Europe 342
7.4.1 United Kingdom 342
7.4.2 Ireland 342
7.4.3 France 342
7.4.4 Germany 343
7.4.5 Belgium 343
7.4.6 Netherlands 344
7.4.7 Switzerland 344
7.4.8 Austria 344
7.4.9 Italy 345
7.4.10 Spain 345
7.4.11 Portugal 345
7.4.12 Sweden 346
7.4.13 Norway 346
7.4.14 Denmark 346
7.4.15 Finland 347
7.4.16 Estonia 347
7.4.17 Czech Republic 347
7.4.18 Poland 348
7.4.19 Bulgaria 348
7.4.20 Romania 348
7.4.21 Hungary 348
7.4.22 Slovenia 349
7.4.23 Russia 349
7.4.24 Rest of Europe 349
7.5 Middle East & Africa 350
7.5.1 Saudi Arabia 350
7.5.2 United Arab Emirates 350
7.5.3 Qatar 351
7.5.4 Oman 351
7.5.5 Jordan 351
7.5.6 Israel 351
7.5.7 South Africa 351
7.5.8 Kenya 352
7.5.9 Ghana 352
7.5.10 Rest of the Middle East & Africa 352
7.6 Latin & Central America 352
7.6.1 Brazil 352
7.6.2 Mexico 353
7.6.3 Argentina 353
7.6.4 Chile 354
7.6.5 Rest of Latin & Central America 354

8 Chapter 8: Standardization, Regulatory & Collaborative Initiatives 355
8.1 3GPP (Third Generation Partnership Project) 355
8.1.1 Release 11: HPUE (Power Class 1) for Band 14 356
8.1.2 Release 12: Early Mission-Critical Enablers – ProSe & GCSE 356
8.1.3 Release 13: MCPTT, IOPS & Further Enhancements 356
8.1.4 Release 14: Support for MCVideo & MCData Services 358
8.1.5 Release 15: MCX Refinements, 5G eMBB & Additional Operating Bands 359
8.1.6 Release 16: Further Evolution of MCX, 3GPP-LMR Interworking, Vertical Application Enablers & 5G URLLC 360
8.1.7 Release 17 & Beyond: 5G NR Direct Mode, Multicast-Broadcast, Mission-Critical IOPS & NTN 363
8.2 450 MHz Alliance 363
8.2.1 Promoting the Use of Sub-500 MHz Spectrum for Critical Communications LTE Networks 363
8.3 APCO (Association of Public-Safety Communications Officials) International 364
8.3.1 Public Safety LTE/5G Advocacy Efforts 364
8.3.2 ANS 2.106.1-2019: Standard for PSG (Public Safety Grade) Site Hardening Requirements 364
8.4 ASTRID 365
8.4.1 Public Safety LTE/5G-Related Standardization Efforts 365
8.5 ATIS (Alliance for Telecommunications Industry Solutions) 365
8.5.1 Standardization Efforts Relevant to Public Safety & Critical Communications LTE/5G Networks 365
8.6 BDBOS (Federal Agency for Public Safety Digital Radio, Germany) 366
8.6.1 Public Safety LTE/5G-Related Standardization Efforts 366
8.7 BMWi (Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy, Germany) 366
8.7.1 Standardization Efforts for Critical Communications Over 3GPP Networks 367
8.8 B-TrunC (Broadband Trunking Communication) Industry Alliance 367
8.8.1 B-TrunC Standard for LTE-Based Critical Communications 367
8.9 CATA (Canadian Advanced Technology Alliance) 368
8.9.1 Public Safety LTE/5G-Related Advocacy Efforts 368
8.10 CBRS Alliance 368
8.10.1 OnGo Certification Program 368
8.11 CITIG (Canadian Interoperability Technology Interest Group) 369
8.11.1 Public Safety LTE/5G Advocacy Efforts 369
8.12 Department of Home Affairs, Australia 369
8.12.1 Leading Australia's National PSMB (Public Safety Mobile Broadband) Program 369
8.13 DRDC (Defence Research and Development Canada) 370
8.13.1 DRDC CSS (DRDC Centre for Security Science) 370
8.13.1.1 Participation in Canada's National PSBN (Public Safety Broadband Network) Program 370
8.13.1.2 R&D Efforts in Public Safety & Military LTE/5G Networks 371
8.14 DSA (Dynamic Spectrum Alliance) 371
8.14.1 Advocacy Efforts for the Dynamic Sharing of Spectrum 371
8.15 DSB (Directorate for Civil Protection, Norway) 372
8.15.1 Public Safety LTE/5G-Related Standardization Efforts 372
8.16 Erillisverkot (State Security Networks Group, Finland)/Suomen Virveverkko 372
8.16.1 Public Safety LTE/5G-Related Standardization Efforts 372
8.17 ETSI (European Telecommunications Standards Institute) 373
8.17.1 TCCE (TETRA and Critical Communications Evolution) Technical Committee 373
8.17.1.1 Standards & Guidelines for Critical Communications Broadband 373
8.17.2 CTI (Center for Testing and Interoperability) 374
8.17.2.1 MCX (Mission-Critical PTT, Video & Data) Plugtests 374
8.17.3 Other Technical Committees & Critical Communications LTE/5G-Related Standards 375
8.18 EWA (Enterprise Wireless Alliance) 375
8.18.1 Frequency Coordination & Spectrum Advocacy for Private Wireless Networks 375
8.19 FirstNet (First Responder Network) Authority 376
8.19.1 Overseeing the Buildout, Operation & Evolution of the FirstNet Public Safety Broadband Network 376
8.19.2 Standardization of Mission-Critical Features for 3GPP Technologies 376
8.19.3 Innovation & Test Lab 376
8.19.4 PSAC (Public Safety Advisory Committee) 377
8.20 French Ministry of Interior 377
8.20.1 Public Safety LTE/5G-Related Standardization Efforts 377
8.21 GCF (Global Certification Forum) 377
8.21.1 Certification of LTE/5G Devices for Public Safety & Other Critical Communications Networks 378
8.22 Home Office, United Kingdom 378
8.22.1 Public Safety LTE/5G-Related Standardization Efforts 378
8.23 ICCRA (International Critical Control Rooms Alliance) 379
8.23.1 LTE/5G Support in Critical Control Room Interface Standards 379
8.24 IETF (Internet Engineering Task Force) 379
8.24.1 Standards & Protocols for Mission-Critical Services Over LTE & 5G Networks 380
8.25 IGOF (International Governmental Operators’ Forum) 380
8.25.1 Addressing Broadband-Related Issues in Critical Communications 380
8.26 ISED (Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada) 380
8.26.1 Participation in Canada's National PSBN (Public Safety Broadband Network) Program 381
8.26.2 Regulation of Public Safety Broadband Spectrum 381
8.26.3 CRC (Communications Research Centre Canada) 381
8.26.3.1 Interoperability Research and Evaluation of Public Safety LTE/5G Networks 381
8.27 ITU (International Telecommunication Union) 382
8.27.1 Spectrum Harmonization for Public Safety & Critical Communications LTE/5G Networks 382
8.27.2 Defining the Role of IMT-2020 to Support PPDR Applications 383
8.28 MCOP (Mission-Critical Open Platform) 383
8.28.1 Open Platform for the Development of Standards-Compliant MCPTT Applications 384
8.29 MCS-TaaSting (Mission-Critical Services – Testing-as-a-Service) 384
8.29.1 Flexible Testing Tools & Certification Procedures for 3GPP's MCX Standards 384
8.30 MOIS (Ministry of the Interior and Safety, South Korea) 385
8.30.1 Public Safety LTE/5G-Related Standardization Efforts 385
8.31 MulteFire Alliance 385
8.31.1 Specifications for LTE/5G NR Operation in Unlicensed Spectrum 386
8.32 National Police of the Netherlands 386
8.32.1 Public Safety LTE/5G-Related Standardization Efforts 386
8.33 Nkom (Norwegian Communications Authority) 386
8.33.1 Standardization Efforts for Critical Communications Over 3GPP Networks 386
8.34 NSW (New South Wales) Telco Authority 387
8.34.1 Role in Australia's National PSMB (Public Safety Mobile Broadband) Program 387
8.35 OMA (Open Mobile Alliance) 387
8.35.1 PoC (PTT-over-Cellular): V1.04, V2.0 and V2.1 388
8.35.2 PCPS (Push-to-Communicate for Public Safety) 388
8.36 Productivity Commission, Australia 389
8.36.1 Cost-Benefit Analysis of Delivering a PSMB (Public Safety Mobile Broadband) Capability 389
8.37 PSBTA (Public Safety Broadband Technology Association) 389
8.37.1 Public Safety LTE/5G-Related Activities 389
8.38 PSCE (Public Safety Communications Europe) 390
8.38.1 Public Safety LTE/5G Standardization 390
8.38.2 BroadX Projects: Pan-European Interoperable Mobile Broadband for Public Safety 390
8.38.2.1 BroadMap (2016 – 2017): Specifications & Roadmap for Procurement 391
8.38.2.2 BroadWay (2018 – 2020): R&D/PCP (Pre-Commercial Procurement) 392
8.38.2.3 BroadNet (2021/2022 & Beyond): Live Procurement and Sustainable Governance 393
8.38.3 Other Public Safety LTE/5G-Related Work 393
8.39 PSTA (Public Safety Technology Alliance) 393
8.39.1 Certified Open Standards & APIs for Public Safety Communications 393
8.40 Public Safety Canada 394
8.40.1 Federal PSBN (Public Safety Broadband Network) Task Team 394
8.40.2 TNCO (Temporary National Coordination Office) for Canada's National PSBN 394
8.41 Safe-Net Forum 395
8.41.1 Technical/Policy Guidance & Ecosystem Development for Critical Communications LTE/5G Networks 395
8.42 TCCA (The Critical Communications Association) 396
8.42.1 CCBG (Critical Communications Broadband Group) 396
8.42.2 BIG (Broadband Industry Group) 396
8.43 TIA (Telecommunications Industry Association) 397
8.43.1 TR-8.8: Subcommittee on Broadband Data Systems 397
8.43.1.1 Defining Requirements for MCPTT, Priority, QoS Control & Other Critical Communications Capabilities 398
8.44 TTA (Telecommunications Technology Association, South Korea) 398
8.44.1 Functional Requirements, Testing & Certification for Public Safety LTE/5G Technologies 398
8.45 U.S. DHS (Department of Homeland Security) 399
8.45.1 S&T (Science and Technology) Directorate 399
8.45.1.1 Public Safety LTE/5G-Related Projects 399
8.46 U.S. FCC (Federal Communications Commission) 399
8.46.1 PSHSB (Public Safety and Homeland Security Bureau) 400
8.46.2 Endorsement of LTE as the Platform for 700 MHz Public Safety LTE Networks 400
8.46.3 Regulation of Public Safety Broadband Spectrum 400
8.46.4 Other Engagements Relevant to Public Safety LTE/5G 401
8.47 U.S. NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology) 401
8.47.1 CTL (Communications Technology Laboratory) 401
8.47.2 PSCR (Public Safety Communications Research): R&D Leadership for FirstNet 402
8.47.2.1 R&D, Testing & Evaluation of Technologies for Public Safety LTE/5G 402
8.48 U.S. NPSTC (National Public Safety Telecommunications Council) 402
8.48.1 Early Leadership in Public Safety LTE 403
8.48.2 Spectrum Management, 3GPP-LMR Integration, Public Safety Grade Systems & Other Work 403
8.49 U.S. NTIA (National Telecommunications and Information Administration) 403
8.49.1 FirstNet Governance & Funding 404
8.49.2 Other Work Related to Critical Communications LTE/5G Networks 404
8.50 WInnForum (Wireless Innovation Forum) 405
8.50.1 SSC (Spectrum Sharing Committee): CBRS Standards 405
8.50.2 Other Committees 405
8.51 Vendor-Led Alliances 406
8.51.1 Huawei's eLTE Industry Alliance 406
8.51.2 Nokia's Mission Critical Communications Alliance 406
8.51.3 L3Harris' Mission Critical Alliance 406
8.52 Others 407
8.52.1 Government Agencies & National Regulators 407
8.52.2 Regional & Country-Specific Associations 407
8.52.3 Academic Institutes, Research Centers & Labs 409

9 Chapter 9: Future Roadmap & Value Chain 410
9.1 Future Roadmap 410
9.1.1 2020 – 2025: 3GPP-Compliant MCX Service Deployments 410
9.1.2 2025 – 2029: Adoption of 5G NR Systems for Public Safety Communications 411
9.1.3 2030 & Beyond: Towards the Cannibalization of Legacy Digital LMR Systems 412
9.2 Value Chain 412
9.2.1 Enabling Technology Providers 412
9.2.2 RAN, Mobile Core & Transport Infrastructure Suppliers 413
9.2.3 Terminal Equipment Vendors 413
9.2.4 System Integrators 414
9.2.5 Application Developers 414
9.2.6 Test, Measurement & Performance Specialists 414
9.2.7 Mobile Operators 414
9.2.8 MVNOs 415
9.2.9 Public Safety & Government Agencies 415

10 Chapter 10: Key Ecosystem Players 416
10.1 4K Solutions 416
10.2 6Harmonics/6WiLInk 418
10.3 A Beep/Diga-Talk+ 419
10.4 A1 Telekom Austria Group 420
10.5 A10 Networks 421
10.6 ABS 422
10.7 Abside Networks 423
10.8 AccelerComm 424
10.9 Accelleran 425
10.10 Accton Technology Corporation 426
10.11 Accuver/Qucell/InnoWireless 427
10.12 Ace Technologies Corporation 429
10.13 AceAxis 430
10.14 AceTel (Ace Solutions) 431
10.15 Achronix Semiconductor Corporation 432
10.16 Action Technologies (Shenzhen Action Technologies) 433
10.17 Active911 434
10.18 Adax 435
10.19 Adcor Magnet Systems 436
10.20 ADI (Analog Devices Inc.) 437
10.21 ADLINK Technology 438
10.22 ADRF (Advanced RF Technologies) 439
10.23 ADT 440
10.24 ADTRAN 441
10.25 ADVA Optical Networking 442
10.26 AdvanceTec Industries 443
10.27 Advantech 444
10.28 Aegex Technologies 445
10.29 Aerial Applications 446
10.30 Affarii Technologies 447
10.31 Affirmed Networks (Microsoft Corporation) 448
10.32 Agile (Agile Interoperable Solutions) 449
10.33 AGIS (Advanced Ground Information Systems) 450
10.34 AGM Mobile 451
10.35 AINA Wireless 452
10.36 Airbus/SLC (Secure Land Communications) 453
10.37 Airgain 455
10.38 Airrays 456
10.39 Airspan Networks/Mimosa Networks 457
10.40 Airwavz Solutions 459
10.41 Akoustis Technologies 460
10.42 Alea/Talkway 461
10.43 Alepo 462
10.44 Alibaba Group 463
10.45 Allen Vanguard Wireless 464
10.46 Allerio 465
10.47 Alliander (450connect/Utility Connect) 466
10.48 Allied Telesis 467
10.49 Allot 468
10.50 Alpha Networks 469
10.51 Alpha Technologies (EnerSys) 470
10.52 Altaeros 471
10.53 Altair Semiconductor 472
10.54 ALTÁN Redes 473
10.55 Altice USA 474
10.56 Altice Europe/SFR 475
10.57 Altiostar Networks 476
10.58 Altran 477
10.59 Alvarion Technologies (SuperCom) 479
10.60 AM Telecom 481
10.61 Amarisoft 482
10.62 Amazon 483
10.63 Ambra Solutions/Ecotel 485
10.64 Amdocs 487
10.65 América Móvil 489
10.66 American Tower Corporation 490
10.67 Amit Wireless 491
10.68 AMN (Africa Mobile Networks) 492
10.69 Amphenol Corporation 493
10.70 Amtele Communication 494
10.71 Anktion (Fujian) Technology 495
10.72 Anokiwave 496
10.73 Anritsu Corporation 497
10.74 ANS (Advanced Network Services) 498
10.75 Antenna Company 499
10.76 Anterix (pdvWireless) 500
10.77 Antna Antenna Technology 501
10.78 Apple 502
10.79 APSTAR (APT Satellite Company) 503
10.80 Aqura Technologies (Veris) 504
10.81 Arabsat 505
10.82 Arcadyan Technology Corporation 506
10.83 Archos 507
10.84 Arete M 508
10.85 Argela/Netsia 509
10.86 ArgoNET 511
10.87 Arista Networks 512
10.88 ARM 513
10.89 Armour Communications 514
10.90 Arqiva (Cellnex Telecom) 515
10.91 ArrayComm 516
10.92 Artemis Networks (Rearden) 517
10.93 Artiza Networks 518
10.94 Arukona 519
10.95 Asavie 520
10.96 ASELSAN/ULAK Communication 521
10.97 AsiaInfo Technologies 522
10.98 AsiaSat (Asia Satellite Telecommunications Company) 523
10.99 Asiatelco Technologies 524
10.100 ASOCS 525
10.101 Aspire Technology 526
10.102 Assured Wireless Corporation 527
10.103 ASTRI (Hong Kong Applied Science and Technology Research Institute) 528
10.104 Astronics Corporation/Freedom Communication Technologies 530
10.105 ASUS (ASUSTeK Computer)/Askey Computer Corporation/Aaeon Technology 531
10.106 Asylon 532
10.107 AT&T 533
10.108 Atel Antennas 534
10.109 Athonet 535
10.110 Atlas Telecom 536
10.111 ATN International/Geoverse 537
10.112 Atos/Air-Lynx 538
10.113 AttoCore 539
10.114 Auden Techno 540
10.115 Avanti Communications Group 541
10.116 AVI 542
10.117 Aviat Networks 543
10.118 AVM 545
10.119 AW2S (Advanced Wireless Solutions and Services)/SERMA Group 546
10.120 Axione 547
10.121 Axis Communications 548
10.122 Axon 549
10.123 Axtel 550
10.124 Axxcss Wireless Solutions 551
10.125 Azcom Technology 552
10.126 Azetti Networks 553
10.127 B+B SmartWorx (Advantech) 554
10.128 BAE Systems 555
10.129 BAI Communications/Transit Wireless 556
10.130 Baicells Technologies 557
10.131 Ball Aerospace 558
10.132 BandRich 559
10.133 BandwidthX 560
10.134 Barrett Communications 561
10.135 Pixavi (BARTEC) 562
10.136 BATS (Broadband Antenna Tracking Systems) 563
10.137 Baylin Technologies (Galtronics Corporation, Advantech Wireless Technologies, Alga Microwave) 564
10.138 BCDVideo 566
10.139 BCE (Bell Canada) 567
10.140 Beam Semiconductor 568
10.141 BEC Technologies 569
10.142 Beeper Communications 570
10.143 Beijer Electronics Group 571
10.144 Belden 572
10.145 Benetel 573
10.146 BesoVideo 574
10.147 BHE (Bonn Hungary Electronics) 575
10.148 Billion Electric 576
10.149 Bird Technologies 577
10.150 Bittium Corporation 578
10.151 BK Technologies 580
10.152 Black & Veatch 581
10.153 Black Box Corporation 582
10.154 BlackBerry 583
10.155 Blackned 584
10.156 Blu Wireless 585
10.157 Blue Danube Systems 586
10.158 Blue Wireless 587
10.159 Bluebird 588
10.160 Blueforce Development Corporation 589
10.161 BLUnet (Axpo WZ-Systems) 590
10.162 Boeing Company/Aurora Flight Sciences 591
10.163 Boelink (Shanghai Boelink Communication Technology) 592
10.164 Boingo Wireless 593
10.165 Booz Allen Hamilton 594
10.166 Bouygues Telecom 595
10.167 Boxchip 596
10.168 BravoCom 597
10.169 Bredengen 598
10.170 Bridgewave Communications (REMEC Broadband Wireless Networks) 599
10.171 Broadcom 600
10.172 BroadForward 601
10.173 Broadmobi (Shanghai Broadmobi Communication Technology)/Wutong Group 602
10.174 Broadpeak 603
10.175 BTI Wireless 604
10.176 Bullitt/Cat Phones (Caterpillar)/Land Rover Explore 605
10.177 Bureau Veritas/7Layers 606
10.178 BVSystems (Berkeley Varitronics Systems) 607
10.179 BWT (BlueWaveTel) 608
10.180 C Spire 609
10.181 CableFree (Wireless Excellence) 610
10.182 CableLabs/Kyrio 611
10.183 CACI International/LGS Innovations 612
10.184 Cadence Design Systems 614
10.185 CalAmp/LoJack 615
10.186 Caliber Public Safety 616
10.187 Callyo/10-21 Video 617
10.188 Cambium Networks 618
10.189 Cambridge Consultants 619
10.190 Capita 620
10.191 CapX Nederland 621
10.192 Carbyne 622
10.193 Carlson Wireless Technologies 623
10.194 Casa Systems/NetComm Wireless 624
10.195 CASIC (China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation) 626
10.196 Casio Computer Company 627
10.197 Catalyst Communications Technologies 628
10.198 Cavli Wireless 629
10.199 CCI (Communication Components Inc.)/BLiNQ Networks 630
10.200 CCI Systems 631
10.201 CCN (Cirrus Core Networks) 632
10.202 CCS (Cambridge Communication Systems) 633
10.203 CCww (Communications Consultants Worldwide) 634
10.204 Celeno 635
10.205 Celfinet 636
10.206 CellAntenna Corporation 637
10.207 Cellnex Telecom 638
10.208 cellXica 639
10.209 Celona 640
10.210 Centerline Communications 641
10.211 CENTRA Technology 642
10.212 CentralSquare Technologies 643
10.213 CenturyLink 644
10.214 Ceragon Networks 645
10.215 CertusNet 646
10.216 CETC (China Electronics Technology Group Corporation) 647
10.217 CEVA 648
10.218 Challenge Networks 649
10.219 Charter Communications 650
10.220 Cheerzing (Xiamen Cheerzing IoT Technology) 651
10.221 Chemring Technology Solutions 652
10.222 Chengdu NTS 653
10.223 Cheytec Telecommunications 654
10.224 China All Access 655
10.225 China Mobile 656
10.226 China Satcom (China Satellite Communications) 657
10.227 China Telecom 658
10.228 China Unicom 659
10.229 CHPC (Cirtek Holdings Philippines Corporation)/ Quintel 660
10.230 Cibicom 661
10.231 CICT (China Information and Communication Technology Group)/China Xinke Group 662
10.232 Ciena Corporation 664
10.233 CIG (Cambridge Industries Group) 665
10.234 CIO (Connected IO) 666
10.235 Cirpack 667
10.236 Cisco Systems 668
10.237 Citymesh 670
10.238 CitySwitch 671
10.239 ClearSky Technologies 672
10.240 Clever Logic 673
10.241 CloudMinds Technology 674
10.242 Cloudstreet 675
10.243 CMIoT (China Mobile IoT) 676
10.244 Cobham 677
10.245 Codan Communications 678
10.246 Cogisys 679
10.247 Cohere Technologies 680
10.248 Coherent Logix 681
10.249 Collinear Networks 682
10.250 Comba Telecom 683
10.251 Comcast Corporation 685
10.252 Comcores 686
10.253 COMLAB 687
10.254 CommAgility 688
10.255 CommandWear Systems 689
10.256 CommScope/ARRIS International/Ruckus Networks 690
10.257 Compal 692
10.258 Comprod 693
10.259 Comrod Communication Group 694
10.260 Comtech Telecommunications Corporation/Comtech EF Data 695
10.261 CONET Technologies 696
10.262 Connect Tech 697
10.263 Contela 698
10.264 Coolpad 699
10.265 CopaSAT 700
10.266 Cornerstone (CTIL) 701
10.267 Cornet Technology 702
10.268 Corning 703
10.269 Cortina Access 705
10.270 Cosemi Technologies/Optella 706
10.271 Coweaver 707
10.272 Cox Communications 708
10.273 Cradlepoint 709
10.274 CrisisGo 710
10.275 Crown Castle International Corporation 711
10.276 CS Corporation 712
10.277 Cubic Corporation/Deltenna 713
10.278 Custom MMIC 714
10.279 CybertelBridge 715
10.280 Cyrus Technology 716
10.281 Dahua Technology 717
10.282 Dali Wireless 718
10.283 DAMM Cellular Systems 719
10.284 DataSoft 720
10.285 DBcom 721
10.286 Dejero Labs 722
10.287 DEKRA 723
10.288 Dell Technologies 724
10.289 Delta/Agema 725
10.290 Dense Air (Airspan Networks) 726
10.291 Dialogic 727
10.292 Digi International 728
10.293 Digital Ally 729
10.294 Digital Bridge Holdings/Colony Capital 730
10.295 Digital Colony/Freshwave Group 731
10.296 Dimetor 732
10.297 DISH Network Corporation 733
10.298 DKK (Denki Kogyo) 734
10.299 D-Link Corporation 735
10.300 Doogee 736
10.301 DragonWave-X 737
10.302 Drakontas 738
10.303 DriveNets 739
10.304 Drone Aviation 740
10.305 DroneSense 741
10.306 Druid Software 742
10.307 DSBJ (Suzhou Dongshan Precision Manufacturing) 743
10.308 DT (Deutsche Telekom) 744
10.309 Duons 745
10.310 Durabook (Twinhead International Corporation) 746
10.311 Duubee 747
10.312 Eastcom (Eastern Communications) 748
10.313 Easycom (Shenzhen Easycom Electronics) 749
10.314 E-Band Communications (Axxcss Wireless Solutions) 750
10.315 EBlink 751
10.316 EchoStar Corporation/Hughes Network Systems 752
10.317 ECI Telecom (Ribbon Communications) 753
10.318 Ecom Instruments (Pepperl+Fuchs) 754
10.319 Edgecore Networks (Accton Technology Corporation) 755
10.320 Edgybees 756
10.321 Edzcom (Ukkoverkot) 757
10.322 EE (BT Group) 758
10.323 EION Wireless 759
10.324 Eircom 760
10.325 Ekinops/OneAccess 761
10.326 Elbit Systems 762
10.327 Elefante Group 763
10.328 Elisa 764
10.329 Elistair 765
10.330 Elsight 766
10.331 ELUON Corporation 767
10.332 Embraer 768
10.333 Encore Networks 769
10.334 Enea 770
10.335 ENENSYS Technologies/Expway 771
10.336 Energizer Mobile (Avenir Telecom) 772
10.337 Entropy Solution 773
10.338 Eravant (SAGE Millimeter) 774
10.339 Ericsson 775
10.340 Errigal 777
10.341 Esharah Etisalat Security Solutions 778
10.342 Essential Products 779
10.343 Estalky (K-Mobile Technology) 780
10.344 ETELM 781
10.345 eTera Communication/Sinotech R&D Group 782
10.346 Etherstack 783
10.347 Ethertronics/AVX Corporation (Kyocera) 784
10.348 Etisalat Group 785
10.349 ETRI (Electronics & Telecommunications Research Institute, South Korea) 786
10.350 Eurotech 787
10.351 Eutelsat Communications 788
10.352 Exacom 789
10.353 Excelerate Group 790
10.354 EXFO/Astellia 791
10.355 Expeto 792
10.356 ExteNet Systems 793
10.357 Eyecom Telecommunications Group 794
10.358 F5 Networks 795
10.359 Facebook 796
10.360 Fairspectrum 799
10.361 Fairwaves 800
10.362 Fastback Networks (CBF Networks) 801
10.363 FCNT (Fujitsu Connected Technologies)/JEMS (Japan EM Solutions) 802
10.364 Federal Engineering 803
10.365 Federated Wireless 804
10.366 Fenix Group 806
10.367 Fibocom Wireless 807
10.368 FIH Mobile 808
10.369 FII (Foxconn Industrial Internet)/FHK (Fu Hua Ke) Precision Industry 809
10.370 Filtronic 810
10.371 Fingu (Wuhan Fingu Electronic Technology) 811
10.372 Fiplex Communications 812
10.373 Fishtech Group/Haystax Technology 813
10.374 FIT (Foxconn Interconnect Technology)/Belkin International/Linksys 814
10.375 Flash Networks 815
10.376 Flash Private Mobile Networks 816
10.377 Fleet Complete 817
10.378 Flex 818
10.379 Flightcell International 819
10.380 FLIR Systems 820
10.381 Flymotion 821
10.382 Fortinet 822
10.383 Four-Faith Communication Technology 823
10.384 Franklin Wireless 824
10.385 Fraunhofer FOKUS (Institute for Open Communication Systems) 825
10.386 Fraunhofer HHI (Heinrich Hertz Institute) 826
10.387 Fraunhofer IIS (Institute for Integrated Circuits) 827
10.388 Fraunhofer IPT (Institute for Production Technology) 828
10.389 FreedomFi 829
10.390 Frequentis 830
10.391 FRTek 831
10.392 Fujian BelFone Communications Technology 832
10.393 Fujikura 833
10.394 Fujitsu 834
10.395 Funk-Electronic Piciorgros 836
10.396 Furukawa Electric/OFS Fitel 837
10.397 Future Technologies Venture 838
10.398 G+D Mobile Security 839
10.399 Gamma Nu 840
10.400 Gapwaves 841
10.401 Gazprom Space Systems 842
10.402 GCT Semiconductor 843
10.403 GD (General Devices) 844
10.404 GE (General Electric) 845
10.405 Gemalto (Thales) 846
10.406 Gemtek Technology 847
10.407 Genaker (Ericsson) 848
10.408 General Dynamics Mission Systems 849
10.409 Genesis Group 851
10.410 GenXComm 852
10.411 Geotab 853
10.412 GeoTraq 854
10.413 Getac Technology Corporation 855
10.414 Gigabyte Technology 856
10.415 Gilat Satellite Networks (Comtech Telecommunications Corporation) 857
10.416 GlobalFoundries 858
10.417 Globalstar 859
10.418 Goodman Networks 860
10.419 Goodmill Systems 861
10.420 Google/Alphabet 862
10.421 Goosetown Communications 864
10.422 Gore (W. L. Gore & Associates) 865
10.423 Gosuncn Technology Group/Welink 866
10.424 Green Communications 867
10.425 Green Packet 868
10.426 GRENTECH 869
10.427 GridGears 870
10.428 GroupTalk 871
10.429 GS Lab (Great Software Laboratory) 872
10.430 GSI (GS Instech)/GST (GS Teletech) 873
10.431 GWT (Global Wireless Technologies) 874
10.432 H3C (Tsinghua Unigroup) 875
10.433 HAAS Alert 876
10.434 Haier 877
10.435 Halys 878
10.436 Hancom MDS 879
10.437 Handheld Group 880
10.438 Handsfree Group 881
10.439 Hanswell 882
10.440 Hanwha Techwin 883
10.441 HAPSMobile/AeroVironment 884
10.442 Harvilon (Shenzhen Harvilon Technology) 885
10.443 HBFEC (Hebei Far East Communication System Engineering) 886
10.444 HCL Technologies 887
10.445 Helios (Fujian Helios Technologies) 888
10.446 Hexagon 889
10.447 HFR 890
10.448 Highstreet Technologies 891
10.449 Hikvision (Hangzhou Hikvision Digital Technology) 892
10.450 HipLink Software 893
10.451 Hisense 894
10.452 HiSilicon Technologies (Huawei) 895
10.453 HISPASAT Group 896
10.454 Hitachi Kokusai Electric 897
10.455 Hitachi Vantara 898
10.456 HKT (PCCW) 899
10.457 HMD Global 900
10.458 HMS Networks 901
10.459 Hon Hai Precision Industry (Foxconn Technology Group) 902
10.460 Honeywell International 903
10.461 Hoverfly Technologies 904
10.462 HP 905
10.463 HPE (Hewlett Packard Enterprise)/Aruba Networks 906
10.464 HQT (Shenzhen HQT Science and Technology) 908
10.465 HTC Corporation 909
10.466 Huawei 910
10.467 Huber+Suhner 913
10.468 Hytera Communications/Sepura/Teltronic 914
10.469 i.safe MOBILE 916
10.470 IAI (Israel Aerospace Industries)/Elta Systems 917
10.471 IBM Corporation/Red Hat 918
10.472 iBwave Solutions (Corning) 920
10.473 Ice Group 921
10.474 Icom 922
10.475 IDEMIA 923
10.476 IDY Corporation 924
10.477 IFLY Electronics 925
10.478 IgniteNet (Accton Technology Corporation) 926
10.479 Imec 927
10.480 IMPTT 928
10.481 Indra 929
10.482 INET (Infrastructure Networks) 930
10.483 Infineon Technologies 931
10.484 Infinera/Coriant 932
10.485 InfiNet Wireless 933
10.486 Infinite Electronics 934
10.487 Infomark Corporation 935
10.488 Infosys 936
10.489 Infovista 937
10.490 InHand Networks 938
10.491 Inmarsat 939
10.492 Innonet 940
10.493 Inrico (Shenzhen Inrico Electronics) 941
10.494 Inseego Corporation 942
10.495 Inspur 943
10.496 Instant Connect 944
10.497 INSYS Microelectronics/INSYS icom 945
10.498 Intel Corporation 946
10.499 Intelsat 948
10.500 InterDigital 949
10.501 Interop Technologies 950
10.502 InterTalk Critical Information Systems 951
10.503 Intracom Telecom 952
10.504 Intrado Corporation 953
10.505 Intrepid Networks 954
10.506 INWIT (Infrastrutture Wireless Italiane) 955
10.507 IoT4Net 956
10.508 IoTAS (IoT & Approval Solutions) 957
10.509 ip.access 958
10.510 IPAGEON 960
10.511 IPITEK (Integrated Photonics Technology) 961
10.512 IPLOOK Networks 962
10.513 Iradio Electronics 963
10.514 Iridium Communications 964
10.515 ISCO International 965
10.516 Iskratel 966
10.517 IS-Wireless 967
10.518 Italtel (Exprivia) 968
10.519 ITCEN 969
10.520 ITRI (Industrial Technology Research Institute, Taiwan) 970
10.521 Jaton Technology 971
10.522 Jezetek (Sichuan Jiuzhou Electric Group) 972
10.523 Jiaxun Feihong (Beijing Jiaxun Feihong Electrical) 973
10.524 Jinan USR IoT Technology (Mokuai/Wenheng) 974
10.525 JIT (JI Technology) 975
10.526 JMA Wireless/PHAZR 976
10.527 JOUAV 977
10.528 JPS Interoperability Solutions 978
10.529 JRC (Japan Radio Company) 979
10.530 JSC Ingenium 981
10.531 Juni Global 982
10.532 Juniper Networks 983
10.533 Junkosha 984
10.534 Juvare 985
10.535 JVCKENWOOD Corporation/Zetron 986
10.536 Kacific Broadband Satellites Group 987
10.537 Kaloom 988
10.538 Kathrein Mobile Communication (Ericsson) 989
10.539 KBR 990
10.540 KDDI Corporation 991
10.541 Key Bridge Wireless 992
10.542 Keysight Technologies 993
10.543 Kiana Analytics 995
10.544 Kirisun Communications 996
10.545 Kisan Telecom 997
10.546 Klas Telecom 998
10.547 Klein Electronics 999
10.548 Kleos 1000
10.549 KMW 1001
10.550 Knightscope 1002
10.551 KPN/KPN Critical Communications 1003
10.552 KT Corporation 1004
10.553 Kudelski Group 1005
10.554 Kumu Networks 1006
10.555 Kymeta Corporation 1007
10.556 Kyocera Corporation 1008
10.557 L3Harris Technologies 1009
10.558 Landmark Dividend 1011
10.559 Lanner Electronics 1012
10.560 Lantronix 1013
10.561 LCR Embedded Systems 1014
10.562 Leenos Corporation 1015
10.563 Leidos 1016
10.564 Lekha Wireless Solutions 1017
10.565 Lemko Corporation 1018
10.566 Lenovo/Motorola Mobility 1019
10.567 Leonardo 1021
10.568 LG Electronics 1022
10.569 LG Uplus 1023
10.570 Lierda Science & Technology Group 1024
10.571 Ligado Networks 1025
10.572 Lime Microsystems 1026
10.573 Lisheng Fujian Communications 1027
10.574 LitePoint (Teradyne) 1028
10.575 LiveU 1029
10.576 Lociva 1030
10.577 Lockheed Martin Corporation 1031
10.578 LogicTree IT Solutions 1032
10.579 Lookout 1033
10.580 LS Mtron 1034
10.581 LS telcom 1035
10.582 Luceor 1036
10.583 Lumineye 1037
10.584 Lynk (Ubiquitilink) 1038
10.585 M1 1039
10.586 M4PS (Mobility 4 Public Safety) 1040
10.587 Macom 1041
10.588 Magister Solutions/Secapp 1042
10.589 Marlink Group 1043
10.590 Martin UAV 1044
10.591 Marvell Technology Group 1045
10.592 Matrix Electrónica/MTXM2M (Flexitron Group) 1046
10.593 Maven Wireless 1047
10.594 Mavenir Systems 1048
10.595 MaxLinear 1050
10.596 MC Technologies 1051
10.597 MCP (Mission Critical Partners) 1052
10.598 MEASAT Satellite Systems 1053
10.599 MECSware 1054
10.600 MediaTek 1055
10.601 MegaFon 1056
10.602 MeiG Smart Technology 1057
10.603 Meizu 1058
10.604 Mellanox Technologies (NVIDIA Corporation) 1059
10.605 Mentura Group 1060
10.606 MER Group 1061
10.607 Metaswitch Networks (Microsoft Corporation) 1062
10.608 Metawave Corporation 1063
10.609 Metismake 1064
10.610 Metro Network Services 1065
10.611 MetTel 1066
10.612 MHD (Muhan Digital) 1067
10.613 MIC Nordic 1068
10.614 MICAS 1069
10.615 Microchip Technology/Microsemi Corporation 1070
10.616 Microlab 1071
10.617 Microsoft Corporation 1072
10.618 Microwave Networks 1074
10.619 MikroTik 1075
10.620 Milestone Systems 1076
10.621 MiMOMax 1077
10.622 MitraStar Technology (Unizyx Holding Corporation) 1078
10.623 MITRE Corporation 1079
10.624 Mitsubishi Electric Corporation 1080
10.625 Mobi Antenna Technologies 1081
10.626 Mobile Mark 1082
10.627 Mobile Tornado 1083
10.628 Mobile Viewpoint 1084
10.629 MobileDemand 1085
10.630 MobileIron 1086
10.631 MobileTek (Shanghai Mobiletek Communication) 1087
10.632 Mobilicom 1088
10.633 Mobilitie 1089
10.634 Motorola Solutions 1090
10.635 Mott MacDonald 1094
10.636 Movandi 1095
10.637 Moxa 1096
10.638 MP Antenna 1097
10.639 MTI (Microelectronics Technology, Inc.) 1098
10.640 MTI Wireless Edge 1099
10.641 MTN Group 1100
10.642 MTS (Mobile TeleSystems) 1101
10.643 Multi-Tech Systems 1102
10.644 Murata Manufacturing 1103
10.645 Mushroom Networks 1104
10.646 Mutualink 1105
10.647 MVM NET 1106
10.648 MYT Electronics 1107
10.649 N.A.T. 1108
10.650 NanoSemi 1110
10.651 Napatech 1111
10.652 Nash Technologies 1112
10.653 NEC Corporation 1113
10.654 Nemergent Solutions 1115
10.655 Nemko 1116
10.656 Neolink Communications Technology 1117
10.657 Neoway Technology 1118
10.658 Neptune Mobile 1119
10.659 Net1 International 1120
10.660 Netas 1121
10.661 NetCity (GEOS Telecom/GEOS Holding) 1122
10.662 NetFoundry 1123
10.663 Netgear 1124
10.664 NetModule 1125
10.665 NetMotion Software 1126
10.666 NetNumber 1127
10.667 NETSCOUT Systems 1128
10.668 Neutral Connect Networks/Connectivity Wireless Solutions/Sky Connect Networks (M/C Partners) 1129
10.669 New Postcom Equipment 1130
10.670 NewEdge Signal Solutions 1131
10.671 Nextivity 1132
10.672 NextNav 1133
10.673 Nextworks 1134
10.674 NI (National Instruments) 1135
10.675 NICE 1136
10.676 NimbeLink 1137
10.677 Node-H 1138
10.678 Nokia 1139
10.679 Nominet 1141
10.680 Nordic Semiconductor 1142
10.681 Nordic Telecom 1143
10.682 Northrop Grumman Corporation 1144
10.683 NPS (Northgate Public Services)/APD Communications 1145
10.684 NTT DoCoMo 1146
10.685 Nubia Technology (ZTE) 1147
10.686 NuRAN Wireless/Nutaq Innovation 1148
10.687 Nurlink Technology 1149
10.688 NVIDIA Corporation 1150
10.689 NXP Semiconductors 1151
10.690 Oceus Networks 1152
10.691 Octasic 1154
10.692 ODN (Orbital Data Network) 1155
10.693 OKI Electric Industry 1156
10.694 Omnitele 1157
10.695 Omnitronics 1158
10.696 One2many 1159
10.697 Onwave 1160
10.698 Ooredoo 1161
10.699 Openet 1162
10.700 OPPO/Vivo/OnePlus/Realme (BBK Electronics Corporation) 1163
10.701 Option/Crescent 1164
10.702 Oracle Communications 1165
10.703 Orange 1166
10.704 Orion Labs 1167
10.705 PacStar (Pacific Star Communications) 1168
10.706 Palo Alto Networks 1169
10.707 Panasonic Corporation 1170
10.708 Panda Electronics 1171
10.709 PanOptis 1172
10.710 Panorama Antennas 1173
10.711 Parallel Wireless 1174
10.712 Parsons Corporation 1175
10.713 PAStech 1176
10.714 Patrocinium Systems 1177
10.715 PCTEL 1178
10.716 PCTEST Lab (PCTEST Engineering Laboratory) 1179
10.717 Pei Tel Communications (Peiker) 1180
10.718 Pelco 1181
10.719 Pepro 1182
10.720 Peraso Technologies 1183
10.721 Percepto 1184
10.722 Perspecta Labs 1185
10.723 Phirst Technologies/xCraft Enterprises 1186
10.724 Phluido 1187
10.725 Picocom Technology 1188
10.726 Pierson Wireless 1189
10.727 Pivotal Commware 1190
10.728 Plextek 1191
10.729 Plover Bay Technologies (Peplink/Pepwave) 1192
10.730 PoCStar (Shanli Tongyi Information Technology) 1193
10.731 Polaris Networks 1194
10.732 Polaris Wireless 1195
10.733 PoLTE Corporation 1196
10.734 Potevio 1197
10.735 PRESCOM 1198
10.736 PrioCom 1199
10.737 Proef 1200
10.738 Proximus 1201
10.739 Pryme Radio Products 1202
10.740 PT INTI (PT Industri Telekomunikasi Indonesia) 1203
10.741 PT LEN Industri 1204
10.742 PTI (Persistent Telecom Inc.)/NetGenuity/RIVA Networks 1205
10.743 Publicis Sapient 1207
10.744 Puloli 1208
10.745 Pulsara 1209
10.746 Pycom 1210
10.747 Qinetiq 1211
10.748 QLC Chain 1212
10.749 Qorvo 1213
10.750 QuadGen Wireless Solutions 1214
10.751 Qualcomm 1215
10.752 Quanta Computer/QCT (Quanta Cloud Technology) 1217
10.753 Quantum Wireless 1218
10.754 Quectel Wireless Solutions 1219
10.755 Qulsar 1220
10.756 Quortus 1221
10.757 Qwake Technologies 1223
10.758 RACOM Corporation 1224
10.759 Radiall 1225
10.760 Radio IP Software 1226
10.761 Radisys Corporation (Reliance Industries) 1227
10.762 RADWIN 1229
10.763 Rafael Advanced Defense Systems 1230
10.764 Rajant Corporation 1231
10.765 Range Networks 1232
10.766 Ranplan Wireless 1233
10.767 RapidDeploy 1234
10.768 RapidSOS 1235
10.769 Rave Mobile Safety 1236
10.770 Raven Aerostar 1237
10.771 Raycap 1238
10.772 Raytheon Technologies Corporation 1239
10.773 Red Lion Controls (Spectris) 1240
10.774 RED Technologies 1241
10.775 REDCOM Laboratories/IMSWorkX 1242
10.776 Redline Communications 1243
10.777 RedZinc 1244
10.778 Renesas Electronics Corporation/IDT (Integrated Device Technology) 1245
10.779 Rescue 42/PodRunner 1246
10.780 Responder Corp 1247
10.781 RF Connect 1248
10.782 RF DSP 1249
10.783 RF Pixels 1250
10.784 RF Window 1251
10.785 RFI Technology Solutions 1252
10.786 RFS (Radio Frequency Systems) 1253
10.787 RFTech 1254
10.788 Ribbon Communications 1255
10.789 Rivada Networks 1256
10.790 Robustel 1257
10.791 Rogers Communications 1258
10.792 Rohde & Schwarz 1259
10.793 Rohill 1260
10.794 Rosenberger 1261
10.795 Royole Corporation 1262
10.796 RSCC (Russian Satellite Communications Company) 1263
10.797 RTX A/S 1264
10.798 RugGear 1265
10.799 Ruijie Networks 1266
10.800 RunEL (Runcom) 1267
10.801 Kontron (S&T Group) 1268
10.802 Saab 1269
10.803 Saankhya Labs 1270
10.804 SAF Tehnika 1271
10.805 Safaricom 1272
10.806 Safe-Com Wireless 1273
10.807 SafeMobile 1274
10.808 SAGE SatCom (REMEC Broadband Wireless Networks) 1275
10.809 Sagemcom 1276
10.810 Saguna Networks 1277
10.811 SAI Technology 1278
10.812 SAIC (Science Applications International Corporation) 1279
10.813 Samji Electronics 1280
10.814 Samsung 1281
10.815 SAMWON FA 1283
10.816 Samyoung Celetra 1284
10.817 Sanechips Technology (ZTE) 1285
10.818 Sanjole 1286
10.819 San-tron 1287
10.820 Sapura Group 1288
10.821 Sasken Technologies 1289
10.822 Savox Communications 1290
10.823 SBA Communications Corporation 1291
10.824 Sceye 1292
10.825 Schneider Electric 1293
10.826 Sectra Communications 1294
10.827 Secured Communications 1295
10.828 Select Spectrum 1296
10.829 Semtech 1297
10.830 Sensorview 1298
10.831 Senstar Corporation 1299
10.832 Sentinel Camera Systems 1300
10.833 Seong Ji Industrial 1301
10.834 Seowon Intech 1302
10.835 Sequans Communications 1303
10.836 Sercomm Corporation 1304
10.837 SES 1305
10.838 SGS 1306
10.839 Sharp Corporation/Dynabook (Foxconn) 1307
10.840 Shenglu (Guangdong Shenglu Telecommunication) 1308
10.841 Shentel (Shenandoah Telecommunications Company) 1309
10.842 Shenzhen CXD Science & Technology 1310
10.843 Shenzhen Recoda Technologies 1311
10.844 SIAE Microelettronica/SM Optics 1312
10.845 Sichuan InnoGence Technology 1313
10.846 Sichuan Tianyi Comheart Telecom 1314
10.847 Siemens 1315
10.848 Sierra Wireless 1316
10.849 Signalchip 1317
10.850 Siklu Communication 1318
10.851 Silicom SAS (France) 1319
10.852 Simoco Wireless Solutions 1320
10.853 Singtel/Optus 1321
10.854 SiRRAN Communications 1322
10.855 SITRONICS 1323
10.856 Sivers IMA 1324
10.857 Siyata Mobile/Uniden 1325
10.858 SK Telecom 1326
10.859 SK Telesys 1327
10.860 SKY Perfect JSAT 1328
10.861 Skyworks Solutions 1329
10.862 SLA Corporation/ESChat 1330
10.863 Smart Communications (PLDT) 1331
10.864 SMART Embedded Computing (Artesyn) 1332
10.865 Smart Mobile Labs 1333
10.866 Smartfren 1334
10.867 SmarTone 1335
10.868 SoftBank Group 1336
10.869 Softil 1337
10.870 Soitec 1338
10.871 SOLiD 1339
10.872 Solidtronic 1340
10.873 Soliton Systems 1341
10.874 Sonim Technologies 1342
10.875 Sony Corporation/Sony Mobile Communications 1343
10.876 Sooktha 1345
10.877 Southern Linc 1346
10.878 Space Data Corporation 1347
10.879 SpaceBridge 1348
10.880 Spacecom 1349
10.881 SpaceX 1350
10.882 Spectra Group 1351
10.883 SpectraRep 1352
10.884 Spectronn 1353
10.885 Spectrum Effect 1354
10.886 Speedcast International 1355
10.887 SPIE Group 1356
10.888 Spirent Communications 1357
10.889 Sporton International 1359
10.890 SRS (Software Radio Systems) 1360
10.891 SS7ware/YaleBTS 1361
10.892 SSC (Shared Spectrum Company) 1362
10.893 ST Engineering iDirect 1363
10.894 Star Microwave 1364
10.895 Star Solutions 1365
10.896 StarPoint (Beijing StarPoint Technology) 1367
10.897 STC (Saudi Telecom Company)/STC Specialized (Bravo) 1368
10.898 Steep 1369
10.899 STL (Sterlite Technologies Ltd) 1370
10.900 STMicroelectronics 1371
10.901 Stop Noise 1372
10.902 StrattoOpencell (Digital Colony/Freshwave Group) 1373
10.903 Streambox 1374
10.904 StreamWIDE 1375
10.905 Sumitomo Electric Industries 1376
10.906 Sunrise Communications 1377
10.907 Sunsea AIoT/SIMCom Wireless Solutions/Longsung Technology 1378
10.908 Sunwave Communications 1379
10.909 Supermicro (Super Micro Computer) 1380
10.910 Suzhou Aquila Solutions (Aquila Wireless) 1381
10.911 Swisscom/Swisscom Broadcast 1382
10.912 Swissphone 1383
10.913 Sylincom 1384
10.914 Symantec Corporation (Broadcom) 1385
10.915 Synctechno 1386
10.916 SYRTEM 1387
10.917 Systech Corporation 1388
10.918 System Innovation Group 1389
10.919 T&W (Shenzhen Gongjin Electronics) 1390
10.920 T2M 1391
10.921 TacSat Networks 1392
10.922 Tait Communications 1393
10.923 Talk-IP International 1394
10.924 Talkpod Technology 1395
10.925 Tampa Microwave (Thales) 1396
10.926 Tampnet 1397
10.927 Tango Tango 1398
10.928 Taoglas 1399
10.929 TASSTA 1400
10.930 Tata Elxsi 1401
10.931 Tatfook (Shenzhen Tatfook Technology) 1402
10.932 TCL Communication (TCL/Alcatel/BlackBerry) 1403
10.933 TCOM 1404
10.934 TD Tech 1405
10.935 TE Connectivity 1406
10.936 Tech Mahindra 1407
10.937 Technicolor 1408
10.938 Tecom 1409
10.939 Tecore Networks 1410
10.940 TEKTELIC Communications 1411
10.941 Telco Systems (BATM Advanced Communications) 1412
10.942 Teldat 1413
10.943 Tele2 Russia/SkyLink 1414
10.944 Telecom26 1415
10.945 Telefield 1416
10.946 Telefónica Group 1417
10.947 Telekom Slovenije 1418
10.948 Telenor Group 1419
10.949 Telent Technology Services 1420
10.950 Telesat 1421
10.951 Telespazio (Leonardo/Thales) 1422
10.952 Teleste Corporation 1423
10.953 Televate 1424
10.954 TeleWare/PMN (Private Mobile Networks) 1425
10.955 Telewave 1426
10.956 Teleworld Solutions 1427
10.957 Telia Company 1428
10.958 Telit Communications 1429
10.959 Tellabs 1430
10.960 Telo Systems Corporation 1431
10.961 Telrad Networks 1432
10.962 Telstra 1433
10.963 Teltonika 1434
10.964 Telus 1435
10.965 Teracom Group/Net1 Sweden (Netett Sverige) 1436
10.966 Teradek 1437
10.967 TESSCO Technologies/Ventev 1438
10.968 Thaicom 1439
10.969 Thales 1440
10.970 Thundercomm Technology 1442
10.971 TI (Texas Instruments) 1443
10.972 Tieto Corporation 1444
10.973 Tillman Infrastructure 1445
10.974 TIM (Telecom Italia Mobile) 1446
10.975 TLC Solutions 1447
10.976 T-Mobile US/Sprint 1448
10.977 TO21COMMS 1449
10.978 TOKIE Solutions/Irvees Technology 1450
10.979 Tongyu Communication 1451
10.980 Toshiba Corporation 1452
10.981 TowerJazz 1453
10.982 TPL Systèmes 1454
10.983 TransPacket 1455
10.984 TriaSys Technologies Corporation 1456
10.985 Triple-9 1457
10.986 Trópico/CPqD (Center for Research and Development in Telecommunications, Brazil) 1458
10.987 TRX Systems 1459
10.988 TSMC (Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company) 1460
10.989 TST Systems (Thorcom Systems/Sonic Communications/Tioga Electronic Assembly) 1461
10.990 Tupl 1462
10.991 Turkcell 1463
10.992 TÜV SÜD 1464
10.993 Twilio/CND (Core Network Dynamics) 1465
10.994 Two Six Labs 1466
10.995 Tyler Technologies/SceneDoc 1467
10.996 U.S. Cellular 1468
10.997 UANGEL 1469
10.998 Ubicquia 1470
10.999 Ubiwhere 1471
10.1000 U-Blox 1472
10.1001 Ucloudy (Shanghai Ucloudy Information Technology) 1473
10.1002 Ufi Space 1474
10.1003 UHP Networks (Comtech Telecommunications Corporation) 1475
10.1004 UK Broadband/Three UK (CK Hutchison Holdings) 1476
10.1005 UL 1477
10.1006 Umlaut 1478
10.1007 UNIMO Technology 1479
10.1008 Unisoc (Tsinghua Unigroup) 1480
10.1009 UniStrong 1481
10.1010 URSYS 1482
10.1011 US Digital Designs 1483
10.1012 USI (Universal Scientific Industrial) 1484
10.1013 Utility (Utility Associates) 1485
10.1014 UTStarcom 1486
10.1015 V&M (Venus & Mercury) Telecom 1487
10.1016 V5 Systems 1488
10.1017 Valid8 1489
10.1018 Vanu 1490
10.1019 Vapor IO 1491
10.1020 Vavitel (Shenzhen Vavitel Technology)/ZG (Zhongguang Lightning Protection Technologies) 1492
10.1021 VDI (Virginia Diodes, Inc.) 1493
10.1022 VEON 1494
10.1023 Verizon Communications 1495
10.1024 Vertel 1496
10.1025 Vertical Bridge 1497
10.1026 Vertiv 1498
10.1027 Verveba Telecom 1499
10.1028 Viasat 1500
10.1029 Viavi Solutions 1501
10.1030 VINCI Energies/Koning & Hartman/Axians/Sysoco 1503
10.1031 VinSmart (Vingroup) 1504
10.1032 ViPRO Corporation 1505
10.1033 Virtualnetcom/VNC (Virtual Network Communications) 1506
10.1034 Vislink Technologies 1507
10.1035 Visual Labs 1508
10.1036 Vital (New Zealand) 1509
10.1037 VMware 1510
10.1038 VNL (Vihaan Networks Limited) 1511
10.1039 Vodacom Group 1512
10.1040 Vodafone Group 1513
10.1041 Voentelecom 1514
10.1042 Volta Networks 1515
10.1043 Voxer 1516
10.1044 VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland 1517
10.1045 VVDN Technologies 1518
10.1046 WAV4M 1519
10.1047 Wave Computing/MIPS 1520
10.1048 Wave Wireless 1521
10.1049 Wavetel Technology 1522
10.1050 Waycare 1523
10.1051 WCCTV (Wireless CCTV) 1524
10.1052 Westell Technologies 1525
10.1053 Wewins (Shenzhen Wewins Wireless) 1526
10.1054 WH Bence Group 1527
10.1055 Whale Cloud Technology (Alibaba Group) 1528
10.1056 Widelity 1529
10.1057 WIG (Wireless Infrastructure Group) 1530
10.1058 Wildox (Shenzhen Happy Technology) 1531
10.1059 Wingtech Technology 1532
10.1060 WINITECH 1533
10.1061 Winmate Communications 1534
10.1062 Wipro 1535
10.1063 Wireless Technologies Finland 1536
10.1064 Wireless Telecom Group 1537
10.1065 WiSig Networks 1538
10.1066 Wiwynn 1539
10.1067 WNC (Wistron NeWeb Corporation) 1540
10.1068 Wolfspeed (Cree) 1542
10.1069 WooriNet 1543
10.1070 World View 1544
10.1071 Wouxun (Quanzhou Wouxun Electronics) 1545
10.1072 WTL (World Telecom Labs) 1546
10.1073 Wytec International 1547
10.1074 XCOM/M87 1548
10.1075 Xiamen Puxing Electronics Science & Technology 1549
10.1076 Xiamen Sanan Integrated Circuit 1550
10.1077 Xiaomi Corporation 1551
10.1078 Xilinx 1552
10.1079 Xinwei Group 1553
10.1080 XipLink/Sevis Systems 1554
10.1081 Yageo Corporation/Pulse Electronics 1555
10.1082 Yahsat/Thuraya 1556
10.1083 Yanton (Quanzhou Yanton Electronics) 1557
10.1084 Yuge Technology (Shanghai Yuge Information Technology) 1558
10.1085 Zain Group 1559
10.1086 Z-Com 1560
10.1087 Zcomax Technologies 1561
10.1088 Zebra Technologies 1562
10.1089 Zeetta Networks 1563
10.1090 Zello 1564
10.1091 ZenFi Networks 1565
10.1092 Zepcam 1566
10.1093 ZephyrTel/Vasona Networks 1567
10.1094 ZeroEyes 1568
10.1095 Zetel Solutions 1569
10.1096 Zinwave (McWane) 1570
10.1097 Zioncom 1571
10.1098 Zmtel (Shanghai Zhongmi Communication Technology) 1572
10.1099 ZTE/Caltta 1573
10.1100 Zyxel Communications (Unizyx Holding Corporation) 1575

11 Chapter 11: Market Sizing & Forecasts 1576
11.1 Global Outlook for Public Safety LTE & 5G 1576
11.2 Public Safety LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure 1576
11.2.1 Segmentation by Submarket 1577
11.2.1.1 RAN 1577
11.2.1.2 Mobile Core 1578
11.2.1.3 Backhaul & Transport 1579
11.2.2 Segmentation by Technology Generation 1579
11.2.2.1 LTE 1580
11.2.2.2 5G 1580
11.3 RAN 1581
11.3.1 Segmentation by Air Interface Technology Generation 1581
11.3.1.1 LTE eNBs 1582
11.3.1.2 5G NR gNBs 1583
11.3.2 Segmentation by Cell Size 1584
11.3.2.1 Macrocells 1585
11.3.2.2 Small Cells 1586
11.3.3 Segmentation by Mobility 1587
11.3.3.1 Fixed Base Stations 1588
11.3.3.2 Deployable Base Stations 1589
11.3.4 Segmentation by Deployable Form Factor 1590
11.3.4.1 NIB (Network-in-a-Box) 1591
11.3.4.2 Vehicular COWs (Cells-on-Wheels) 1592
11.3.4.3 Aerial Cell Sites 1593
11.3.4.4 Maritime Platforms 1594
11.4 Mobile Core 1595
11.4.1 Segmentation by Technology Generation 1595
11.4.1.1 LTE EPC 1595
11.4.1.2 5GC (5G Core) 1596
11.5 Backhaul & Transport 1596
11.5.1 Segmentation by RAN Air Interface Generation 1596
11.5.1.1 LTE 1597
11.5.1.2 5G NR 1597
11.5.2 Segmentation by Transmission Medium 1598
11.5.2.1 Fiber & Wireline 1598
11.5.2.2 Microwave 1599
11.5.2.3 Satellite 1599
11.6 Public Safety LTE & 5G Terminal Equipment 1600
11.6.1 Segmentation by Air Interface Technology Generation 1601
11.6.1.1 LTE 1602
11.6.1.2 5G NR 1603
11.6.2 Segmentation by Form Factor 1604
11.6.2.1 Smartphones & Handportable Terminals 1605
11.6.2.2 Mobile & Vehicular Routers 1606
11.6.2.3 Fixed CPEs 1607
11.6.2.4 Tablets & Notebook PCs 1608
11.6.2.5 Smart Wearables 1609
11.6.2.6 IoT Modules, Dongles & Others 1610
11.7 Public Safety LTE & 5G Subscriptions/Service Revenue 1611
11.7.1 Segmentation by Air Interface Technology Generation 1612
11.7.1.1 LTE 1613
11.7.1.2 5G NR 1614
11.7.2 Segmentation by Network Type 1615
11.7.2.1 Dedicated & Hybrid Commercial-Private Networks 1616
11.7.2.2 Secure MVNO Networks 1617
11.7.2.3 Commercial Mobile Networks 1618
11.8 Public Safety LTE & 5G Systems Integration & Management Solutions 1619
11.8.1 Segmentation by Submarket 1619
11.8.1.1 Network Integration & Testing 1620
11.8.1.2 Device Management & User Services 1620
11.8.1.3 Managed Services, Operations & Maintenance 1621
11.8.1.4 Cybersecurity 1621
11.9 Public Safety Broadband Applications 1622
11.9.1 Segmentation by Submarket 1622
11.9.1.1 Mission-Critical Voice & Group Communications 1623
11.9.1.2 Real-Time Video Transmission 1623
11.9.1.3 Messaging, File Transfer & Presence Services 1624
11.9.1.4 Mobile Office & Field Applications 1624
11.9.1.5 Location Services & Mapping 1625
11.9.1.6 Situational Awareness 1625
11.9.1.7 Command & Control 1626
11.9.1.8 AR/VR/MR (Augmented, Virtual & Mixed Reality) 1626
11.10 Regional Outlook 1627
11.10.1 Public Safety LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure 1627
11.10.1.1 RAN 1627
11.10.1.2 Mobile Core 1628
11.10.1.3 Backhaul & Transport 1629
11.10.2 Public Safety LTE & 5G Terminal Equipment 1629
11.10.3 Public Safety LTE & 5G Subscriptions/Service Revenue 1630
11.10.4 Public Safety LTE & 5G Systems Integration & Management Solutions 1631
11.10.5 Public Safety Broadband Applications 1632
11.11 North America 1632
11.11.1 Public Safety LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure 1632
11.11.1.1 RAN 1633
11.11.1.2 Mobile Core 1634
11.11.1.3 Backhaul & Transport 1634
11.11.2 Public Safety LTE & 5G Terminal Equipment 1635
11.11.3 Public Safety LTE & 5G Subscriptions/Service Revenue 1636
11.11.4 Public Safety LTE & 5G Systems Integration & Management Solutions 1637
11.11.5 Public Safety Broadband Applications 1637
11.12 Asia Pacific 1638
11.12.1 Public Safety LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure 1638
11.12.1.1 RAN 1638
11.12.1.2 Mobile Core 1639
11.12.1.3 Backhaul & Transport 1640
11.12.2 Public Safety LTE & 5G Terminal Equipment 1640
11.12.3 Public Safety LTE & 5G Subscriptions/Service Revenue 1641
11.12.4 Public Safety LTE & 5G Systems Integration & Management Solutions 1642
11.12.5 Public Safety Broadband Applications 1643
11.13 Europe 1643
11.13.1 Public Safety LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure 1643
11.13.1.1 RAN 1644
11.13.1.2 Mobile Core 1645
11.13.1.3 Backhaul & Transport 1645
11.13.2 Public Safety LTE & 5G Terminal Equipment 1646
11.13.3 Public Safety LTE & 5G Subscriptions/Service Revenue 1647
11.13.4 Public Safety LTE & 5G Systems Integration & Management Solutions 1648
11.13.5 Public Safety Broadband Applications 1648
11.14 Middle East & Africa 1649
11.14.1 Public Safety LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure 1649
11.14.1.1 RAN 1649
11.14.1.2 Mobile Core 1650
11.14.1.3 Backhaul & Transport 1651
11.14.2 Public Safety LTE & 5G Terminal Equipment 1651
11.14.3 Public Safety LTE & 5G Subscriptions/Service Revenue 1652
11.14.4 Public Safety LTE & 5G Systems Integration & Management Solutions 1653
11.14.5 Public Safety Broadband Applications 1654
11.15 Latin & Central America 1654
11.15.1 Public Safety LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure 1654
11.15.1.1 RAN 1655
11.15.1.2 Mobile Core 1656
11.15.1.3 Backhaul & Transport 1656
11.15.2 Public Safety LTE & 5G Terminal Equipment 1657
11.15.3 Public Safety LTE & 5G Subscriptions/Service Revenue 1658
11.15.4 Public Safety LTE & 5G Systems Integration & Management Solutions 1659
11.15.5 Public Safety Broadband Applications 1659

12 Chapter 12: Conclusion & Strategic Recommendations 1660
12.1 Why is the Market Poised to Grow? 1660
12.2 Competitive Industry Landscape: Acquisitions, Alliances & Consolidation 1661
12.2.1 LTE/5G Network Infrastructure & Device Suppliers 1661
12.2.2 Public Safety & Critical Communications Industry 1661
12.2.3 3GPP-LMR Vendor Alliances 1662
12.3 Standardization & Commercial Availability of Key Enabling Technologies 1662
12.3.1 MCPTT, MCVideo & MCData Services 1662
12.3.2 IOPS 1662
12.3.3 ProSe 1663
12.3.4 HPUE 1663
12.3.5 Other Technologies 1663
12.4 Interim Solutions for Off-Network Communications 1664
12.5 Continued Investments in Dedicated, Hybrid Commercial-Private & MVNO Broadband Networks 1664
12.6 Developing Countries: Leapfrogging Directly to LTE-Based Critical Communications Networks 1665
12.7 Continued Use of Digital Radio Systems in the Developed World 1666
12.8 Growing Adoption of Deployable LTE & 5G-Ready Systems 1666
12.9 Which Frequency Bands Dominate the Market? 1667
12.10 International Roaming for Cross-Border Policing & Emergency Response 1668
12.11 The Role of Commercial Mobile Operators 1669
12.11.1 Broadband Access Over Commercial Mobile Networks 1669
12.11.2 Carrier-Integrated PoC (PTT-over-Cellular) and Dispatch Solutions 1669
12.11.3 Operator Built & Managed Nationwide Public Safety Broadband Networks 1669
12.11.4 Private MVNO Arrangements 1670
12.11.5 Priority & Preemption Service Offerings 1670
12.11.6 Operator Branded LTE/5G Critical Communications Platforms 1670
12.11.7 Dedicated Access to Licensed Spectrum 1671
12.11.8 BYON (Build-Your-Own-Network) Solutions 1671
12.11.9 Private LTE/5G Data Processing With Edge Computing 1672
12.11.10 Logical Slicing of Mobile Operator Network Assets 1672
12.12 Critical Communications Service Providers: Becoming Secure MVNOs 1672
12.13 TCO Comparison: Independent Public Safety Broadband Networks vs. PPPs (Public-Private Partnerships) 1673
12.14 Ensuring the Economic Viability of Public Safety Broadband Networks 1674
12.14.1 Monetizing Unused Network Capacity Through Secondary Commercial Users 1674
12.14.2 Industry Solutions for Other Critical Communications User Groups 1675
12.14.3 Dynamic Spectrum Sharing with Tiered-Priority Access 1675
12.15 The Benefits of 5G for Public Safety Communications 1675
12.16 4.9 GHz 5G NR Systems for Incident Scene Management 1676
12.17 Public Safety Application Sector Trends 1676
12.17.1 Mission-Critical Group Communications 1676
12.17.2 Fixed, Mobile & Aerial Video Surveillance 1677
12.17.3 Situational Awareness & Common Operating Picture 1677
12.17.4 Data-Intensive Field Applications for First Responders 1678
12.17.5 The IoLST (Internet of Life Saving Things) 1678
12.17.6 5G-Era Applications: UHD Video, AR/VR/MR, Drones & Robotics 1678
12.17.7 Public Safety Application Stores & Developer Programs 1679
12.17.8 5G Labs for First Responders 1679
12.18 Strategic Recommendations 1679
12.18.1 Public Safety & Government Agencies 1679
12.18.2 LTE/5G Infrastructure, Device & Chipset Suppliers 1680
12.18.3 LMR Vendors & System Integrators 1681
12.18.4 Commercial & Private Mobile Operators 1682

List of Chart

Figure 1: Global LMR Subscriptions by Technology: 2020 – 2030 (Millions) 87
Figure 2: Global Analog LMR Subscriptions: 2020 – 2030 (Millions) 87
Figure 3: Global DMR Subscriptions: 2020 – 2030 (Millions) 88
Figure 4: Global dPMR, NXDN & PDT Subscriptions: 2020 – 2030 (Millions) 88
Figure 5: Global P25 Subscriptions: 2020 – 2030 (Millions) 89
Figure 6: Global TETRA Subscriptions: 2020 – 2030 (Millions) 89
Figure 7: Global Tetrapol Subscriptions: 2020 – 2030 (Millions) 90
Figure 8: Global Other LMR Technology Subscriptions: 2020 – 2030 (Millions) 90
Figure 9: LTE Connection Speed Compared to 3G & Wi-Fi Networks (Mbps) 94
Figure 10: Global LTE & 5G Subscriptions: 2020 – 2030 (Millions) 95
Figure 11: 5G Performance Requirements 97
Figure 12: Public Safety Communications Over Commercial LTE/5G Networks 100
Figure 13: Independent Private LTE/5G Network 100
Figure 14: Managed Private LTE/5G Network 101
Figure 15: Shared Core Private LTE/5G Network 102
Figure 16: Hybrid Commercial-Private LTE/5G Network 103
Figure 17: Secure MVNO Network With a Private Mobile Core 104
Figure 18: Public Safety LTE & 5G Network Architecture 114
Figure 19: 5G NR-RAN Architecture 118
Figure 20: 5GC (5G Core) Service-Based Architecture 123
Figure 21: Sidelink Air Interface for ProSe (Proximity Services) 133
Figure 22: Transition From Normal Backhaul Connectivity to IOPS 136
Figure 23: Telefónica's Portable LTE NIB (Network-in-Box) System 138
Figure 24: Use Cases of eMTC and NB-IoT Technologies 146
Figure 25: E2E (End-to-End) Security in Public Safety LTE & 5G Networks 152
Figure 26: Conceptual Architecture for Network Slicing in 5G Networks 162
Figure 27: NFV (Network Functions Virtualization) Concept 163
Figure 28: C-RAN (Centralized RAN) Architecture 165
Figure 29: FirstNet Deployment Timeline 227
Figure 30: FirstNet Flying COW (Cell-on-Wheels) 230
Figure 31: United Kingdom's ESN Deployment Timeline 233
Figure 32: ESN Product Functionality & Release Dates 234
Figure 33: South Korea’s Safe-Net Deployment Timeline 238
Figure 34: Royal Thai Police's LTE Network Deployment Timeline 242
Figure 35: Deployable LTE Platform & Terminals for the Tham Luang Cave Rescue 243
Figure 36: France's PCSTORM & RRF Deployment Timeline 247
Figure 37: Finland's VIRVE 2.0 Deployment Timeline 250
Figure 38: PrioCom's Critical Communications MVNO Solution 294
Figure 39: User Segments and Applications of the RESCAN LTE Network 298
Figure 40: Key Architectural Elements of the Rivas Vaciamadrid Smart eLTE Network 301
Figure 41: Shanghai Police Convergent Command Center 307
Figure 42: Swisscom's Public Safety LTE Platform 310
Figure 43: Telstra LANES for Emergency Services 312
Figure 44: Thales' Eiji Secure MVNO Service 314
Figure 45: TWFRS' (Tyne and Wear Fire and Rescue Service) LTE-Equipped Command & Control Vehicle 317
Figure 46: ETSI's Critical Communications System Reference Model 374
Figure 47: SpiceNet (Standardized PPDR Interoperable Communication Service for Europe) Reference Architecture 391
Figure 48: Future Roadmap for Public Safety LTE & 5G: 2020 – 2030 410
Figure 49: Public Safety LTE & 5G Value Chain 413
Figure 50: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1576
Figure 51: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue by Submarket: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1577
Figure 52: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G Base Station (eNB/gNB) Unit Shipments: 2020 – 2030 1577
Figure 53: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G Base Station (eNB/gNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1578
Figure 54: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G Mobile Core Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1578
Figure 55: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G Backhaul & Transport Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1579
Figure 56: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue by Technology Generation: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1579
Figure 57: Global Public Safety LTE Network Infrastructure Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1580
Figure 58: Global Public Safety 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue: 2021 – 2030 ($ Million) 1580
Figure 59: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G Base Station (eNB/gNB) Unit Shipments by Air Interface Technology Generation: 2020 – 2030 1581
Figure 60: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G Base Station (eNB/gNB) Unit Shipment Revenue by Air Interface Technology Generation: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1581
Figure 61: Global Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2020 – 2030 1582
Figure 62: Global Public Safety LTE Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1582
Figure 63: Global Public Safety 5G NR Base Station (gNB) Unit Shipments: 2021 – 2030 1583
Figure 64: Global Public Safety 5G NR Base Station (gNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2021 – 2030 ($ Million) 1583
Figure 65: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G Base Station (eNB/gNB) Unit Shipments by Cell Size: 2020 – 2030 1584
Figure 66: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G Base Station (eNB/gNB) Unit Shipment Revenue by Cell Size: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1584
Figure 67: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G Macrocell Base Station (eNB/gNB) Unit Shipments: 2020 – 2030 1585
Figure 68: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G Macrocell Base Station (eNB/gNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1585
Figure 69: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G Small Cell Base Station (eNB/gNB) Unit Shipments: 2020 – 2030 1586
Figure 70: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G Small Cell Base Station (eNB/gNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1586
Figure 71: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G Base Station (eNB/gNB) Unit Shipments by Mobility: 2020 – 2030 1587
Figure 72: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G Base Station (eNB/gNB) Unit Shipment Revenue by Mobility: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1587
Figure 73: Global Fixed Public Safety LTE & 5G Base Station (eNB/gNB) Unit Shipments: 2020 – 2030 1588
Figure 74: Global Fixed Public Safety LTE & 5G Base Station (eNB/gNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1588
Figure 75: Global Deployable Public Safety LTE & 5G Base Station (eNB/gNB) Unit Shipments: 2020 – 2030 1589
Figure 76: Global Deployable Public Safety LTE & 5G Base Station (eNB/gNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1589
Figure 77: Global Deployable Public Safety LTE & 5G Base Station (eNB/gNB) Unit Shipments by Form Factor: 2020 – 2030 1590
Figure 78: Global Deployable Public Safety LTE & 5G Base Station (eNB/gNB) Unit Shipment Revenue by Form Factor: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1590
Figure 79: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G NIB (Network-in-a-Box) Unit Shipments: 2020 – 2030 1591
Figure 80: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G NIB (Network-in-a-Box) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1591
Figure 81: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G Vehicular COW (Cell-on-Wheels) Unit Shipments: 2020 – 2030 1592
Figure 82: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G Vehicular COW (Cell-on-Wheels) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1592
Figure 83: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G Aerial Cell Site Unit Shipments: 2020 – 2030 1593
Figure 84: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G Aerial Cell Site Unit Shipment Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1593
Figure 85: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G Maritime Cellular Platform Unit Shipments: 2020 – 2030 1594
Figure 86: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G Maritime Cellular Platform Unit Shipment Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1594
Figure 87: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G Mobile Core Revenue by Technology Generation: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1595
Figure 88: Global Public Safety LTE EPC Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1595
Figure 89: Global Public Safety 5GC (5G Core) Revenue: 2021 – 2030 ($ Million) 1596
Figure 90: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G Backhaul & Transport Revenue by Air Interface Technology Generation: 2020 – 2030 1596
Figure 91: Global Public Safety LTE Backhaul & Transport Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1597
Figure 92: Global Public Safety 5G NR Backhaul & Transport Revenue: 2021 – 2030 ($ Million) 1597
Figure 93: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G Backhaul & Transport Revenue by Transmission Medium: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1598
Figure 94: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G Fiber/Wireline-Based Backhaul & Transport Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1598
Figure 95: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G Microwave-Based Backhaul & Transport Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1599
Figure 96: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G Satellite-Based Backhaul & Transport Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1599
Figure 97: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G Terminal Equipment Unit Shipments: 2020 – 2030 (Thousands of Units) 1600
Figure 98: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G Terminal Equipment Unit Shipment Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1600
Figure 99: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G Terminal Equipment Unit Shipments by Air Interface Technology Generation: 2020 – 2030 (Thousands of Units) 1601
Figure 100: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G Terminal Equipment Unit Shipment Revenue by Air Interface Technology Generation: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1601
Figure 101: Global Public Safety LTE Terminal Equipment Unit Shipments: 2020 – 2030 (Thousands of Units) 1602
Figure 102: Global Public Safety LTE Terminal Equipment Unit Shipment Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1602
Figure 103: Global Public Safety 5G NR Terminal Equipment Unit Shipments: 2020 – 2030 (Thousands of Units) 1603
Figure 104: Global Public Safety 5G NR Terminal Equipment Unit Shipment Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1603
Figure 105: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G Terminal Equipment Unit Shipments by Form Factor: 2020 – 2030 (Thousands of Units) 1604
Figure 106: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G Terminal Equipment Unit Shipment Revenue by Form Factor: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1604
Figure 107: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G Smartphone/Handportable Terminal Unit Shipments: 2020 – 2030 (Thousands of Units) 1605
Figure 108: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G Smartphone/Handportable Terminal Unit Shipment Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1605
Figure 109: Global Public Safety LTE& 5G Mobile/Vehicular Router Unit Shipments: 2020 – 2030 (Thousands of Units) 1606
Figure 110: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G Mobile/Vehicular Router Unit Shipment Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1606
Figure 111: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G Fixed CPE Unit Shipments: 2020 – 2030 (Thousands of Units) 1607
Figure 112: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G Fixed CPE Unit Shipment Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1607
Figure 113: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G Tablet/Notebook PC Unit Shipments: 2020 – 2030 (Thousands of Units) 1608
Figure 114: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G Tablet/Notebook PC Unit Shipment Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1608
Figure 115: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G Smart Wearable Unit Shipments: 2020 – 2030 (Thousands of Units) 1609
Figure 116: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G Smart Wearable Unit Shipment Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1609
Figure 117: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G IoT Module, Dongle & Other Device Unit Shipments: 2020 – 2030 (Thousands of Units) 1610
Figure 118: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G IoT Module, Dongle & Other Device Unit Shipment Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1610
Figure 119: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G Subscriptions: 2020 – 2030 (Millions) 1611
Figure 120: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G Service Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1611
Figure 121: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G Subscriptions by Air Interface Technology Generation: 2020 – 2030 (Millions) 1612
Figure 122: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G Service Revenue by Air Interface Technology Generation: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1612
Figure 123: Global Public Safety LTE Subscriptions: 2020 – 2030 (Millions) 1613
Figure 124: Global Public Safety LTE Service Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1613
Figure 125: Global Public Safety 5G NR Subscriptions: 2020 – 2030 (Millions) 1614
Figure 126: Global Public Safety 5G NR Service Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1614
Figure 127: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G Subscriptions by Network Type: 2020 – 2030 (Millions) 1615
Figure 128: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G Service Revenue by Network Type: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1615
Figure 129: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G Subscriptions Over Dedicated & Hybrid Commercial-Private Networks: 2020 – 2030 (Millions) 1616
Figure 130: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G Service Revenue Over Dedicated & Hybrid Commercial-Private Networks: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1616
Figure 131: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G Subscriptions Over Secure MVNO Networks: 2020 – 2030 (Millions) 1617
Figure 132: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G Service Revenue Over Secure MVNO Networks: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1617
Figure 133: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G Subscriptions Over Commercial Mobile Networks: 2020 – 2030 (Millions) 1618
Figure 134: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G Service Revenue Over Commercial Mobile Networks: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1618
Figure 135: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G Systems Integration & Management Solutions Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1619
Figure 136: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G Systems Integration & Management Solutions Revenue by Submarket: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1619
Figure 137: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G Network Integration & Testing Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1620
Figure 138: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G Device Management & User Services Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1620
Figure 139: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G Managed Services, Operations & Maintenance Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1621
Figure 140: Global Public Safety LTE & 5G Cybersecurity Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1621
Figure 141: Global Public Safety Broadband Applications Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1622
Figure 142: Global Public Safety Broadband Applications Revenue by Submarket: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1622
Figure 143: Global Mission-Critical Voice & Group Communications Revenue for Public Safety Broadband: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1623
Figure 144: Global Real-Time Video Transmission Revenue for Public Safety Broadband: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1623
Figure 145: Global Messaging, File Transfer & Presence Services Revenue for Public Safety Broadband: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1624
Figure 146: Global Mobile Office & Field Applications Revenue for Public Safety Broadband: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1624
Figure 147: Global Location Services & Mapping Revenue for Public Safety Broadband: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1625
Figure 148: Global Situational Awareness Applications Revenue for Public Safety Broadband: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1625
Figure 149: Global Command & Control Applications Revenue for Public Safety Broadband: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1626
Figure 150: Global AR/VR/MR (Augmented, Virtual & Mixed Reality) Revenue for Public Safety Broadband: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1626
Figure 151: Public Safety LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue by Region: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1627
Figure 152: Public Safety LTE & 5G Base Station (eNB/gNB) Unit Shipments by Region: 2020 – 2030 1627
Figure 153: Public Safety LTE & 5G Base Station (eNB/gNB) Unit Shipment Revenue by Region: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1628
Figure 154: Public Safety LTE & 5G Mobile Core Revenue by Region: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1628
Figure 155: Public Safety LTE & 5G Backhaul & Transport Revenue by Region: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1629
Figure 156: Public Safety LTE & 5G Terminal Equipment Unit Shipments by Region: 2020 – 2030 (Thousands of Units) 1629
Figure 157: Public Safety LTE & 5G Terminal Equipment Unit Shipment Revenue by Region: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1630
Figure 158: Public Safety LTE & 5G Subscriptions by Region: 2020 – 2030 (Millions) 1630
Figure 159: Public Safety LTE & 5G Service Revenue by Region: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1631
Figure 160: Public Safety LTE & 5G Systems Integration & Management Solutions Revenue by Region: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1631
Figure 161: Public Safety Broadband Applications Revenue by Region: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1632
Figure 162: North America Public Safety LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1632
Figure 163: North America Public Safety LTE & 5G Base Station (eNB/gNB) Unit Shipments: 2020 – 2030 1633
Figure 164: North America Public Safety LTE & 5G Base Station (eNB/gNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1633
Figure 165: North America Public Safety LTE & 5G Mobile Core Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1634
Figure 166: North America Public Safety LTE & 5G Backhaul & Transport Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1634
Figure 167: North America Public Safety LTE & 5G Terminal Equipment Unit Shipments: 2020 – 2030 (Thousands of Units) 1635
Figure 168: North America Public Safety LTE & 5G Terminal Equipment Unit Shipment Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1635
Figure 169: North America Public Safety LTE & 5G Subscriptions: 2020 – 2030 (Millions) 1636
Figure 170: North America Public Safety LTE & 5G Service Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1636
Figure 171: North America Public Safety LTE & 5G Systems Integration & Management Solutions Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1637
Figure 172: North America Public Safety Broadband Applications Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1637
Figure 173: Asia Pacific Public Safety LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1638
Figure 174: Asia Pacific Public Safety LTE & 5G Base Station (eNB/gNB) Unit Shipments: 2020 – 2030 1638
Figure 175: Asia Pacific Public Safety LTE & 5G Base Station (eNB/gNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1639
Figure 176: Asia Pacific Public Safety LTE & 5G Mobile Core Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1639
Figure 177: Asia Pacific Public Safety LTE & 5G Backhaul & Transport Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1640
Figure 178: Asia Pacific Public Safety LTE & 5G Terminal Equipment Unit Shipments: 2020 – 2030 (Thousands of Units) 1640
Figure 179: Asia Pacific Public Safety LTE & 5G Terminal Equipment Unit Shipment Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1641
Figure 180: Asia Pacific Public Safety LTE & 5G Subscriptions: 2020 – 2030 (Millions) 1641
Figure 181: Asia Pacific Public Safety LTE & 5G Service Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1642
Figure 182: Asia Pacific Public Safety LTE & 5G Systems Integration & Management Solutions Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1642
Figure 183: Asia Pacific Public Safety Broadband Applications Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1643
Figure 184: Europe Public Safety LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1643
Figure 185: Europe Public Safety LTE & 5G Base Station (eNB/gNB) Unit Shipments: 2020 – 2030 1644
Figure 186: Europe Public Safety LTE & 5G Base Station (eNB/gNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1644
Figure 187: Europe Public Safety LTE & 5G Mobile Core Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1645
Figure 188: Europe Public Safety LTE & 5G Backhaul & Transport Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1645
Figure 189: Europe Public Safety LTE & 5G Terminal Equipment Unit Shipments: 2020 – 2030 (Thousands of Units) 1646
Figure 190: Europe Public Safety LTE & 5G Terminal Equipment Unit Shipment Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1646
Figure 191: Europe Public Safety LTE & 5G Subscriptions: 2020 – 2030 (Millions) 1647
Figure 192: Europe Public Safety LTE & 5G Service Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1647
Figure 193: Europe Public Safety LTE & 5G Systems Integration & Management Solutions Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1648
Figure 194: Europe Public Safety Broadband Applications Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1648
Figure 195: Middle East & Africa Public Safety LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1649
Figure 196: Middle East & Africa Public Safety LTE & 5G Base Station (eNB/gNB) Unit Shipments: 2020 – 2030 1649
Figure 197: Middle East & Africa Public Safety LTE & 5G Base Station (eNB/gNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1650
Figure 198: Middle East & Africa Public Safety LTE & 5G Mobile Core Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1650
Figure 199: Middle East & Africa Public Safety LTE & 5G Backhaul & Transport Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1651
Figure 200: Middle East & Africa Public Safety LTE & 5G Terminal Equipment Unit Shipments: 2020 – 2030 (Thousands of Units) 1651
Figure 201: Middle East & Africa Public Safety LTE & 5G Terminal Equipment Unit Shipment Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1652
Figure 202: Middle East & Africa Public Safety LTE & 5G Subscriptions: 2020 – 2030 (Millions) 1652
Figure 203: Middle East & Africa Public Safety LTE & 5G Service Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1653
Figure 204: Middle East & Africa Public Safety LTE & 5G Systems Integration & Management Solutions Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1653
Figure 205: Middle East & Africa Public Safety Broadband Applications Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1654
Figure 206: Latin & Central America Public Safety LTE & 5G Network Infrastructure Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1654
Figure 207: Latin & Central America Public Safety LTE & 5G Base Station (eNB/gNB) Unit Shipments: 2020 – 2030 1655
Figure 208: Latin & Central America Public Safety LTE & 5G Base Station (eNB/gNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1655
Figure 209: Latin & Central America Public Safety LTE & 5G Mobile Core Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1656
Figure 210: Latin & Central America Public Safety LTE & 5G Backhaul & Transport Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1656
Figure 211: Latin & Central America Public Safety LTE & 5G Terminal Equipment Unit Shipments: 2020 – 2030 (Thousands of Units) 1657
Figure 212: Latin & Central America Public Safety LTE & 5G Terminal Equipment Unit Shipment Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1657
Figure 213: Latin & Central America Public Safety LTE & 5G Subscriptions: 2020 – 2030 (Millions) 1658
Figure 214: Latin & Central America Public Safety LTE & 5G Service Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1658
Figure 215: Latin & Central America Public Safety LTE & 5G Systems Integration & Management Solutions Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1659
Figure 216: Latin & Central America Public Safety Broadband Applications Revenue: 2020 – 2030 ($ Million) 1659
Figure 217: Distribution of Public Safety LTE/5G Engagements by Frequency Band: Q2'2020 (%) 1667
Figure 218: TCO Comparison Between Fully-Independent LTE/5G Networks & PPPs (Public-Private Partnerships) 1673

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